University of Phoenix Material
Terms and Definitions Worksheet
Write brief descriptions for each of the following terms. If you use an outside source to define them, include an APA citation for the source.
Scientific method “The way a scientist approaches a problem (by formulating a hypothesis and then testing it by means of an experiment)” (Raven, Berg, & Hassenzahl, 2010, p. G-13). This means that an individual uses a possible outcome to analyze and determine if the results are possible.
Environmental science “The interdisciplinary study of how humanity interacts with other organisms and the nonliving physical environment” (Raven, Berg, & Hassenzahl, 2010, p. G-6). An analysis of ...view middle of the document...
Ecophilosophy “Functions in the philosophy of science and means the theory and methodology of ecology” (Dolêga, n.d.). This is the how and why ecology works the way that it does.
Ethics “The branch of philosophy that deals with human values” (Raven, Berg, & Hassenzahl, 2010, p. G-6). This is what drives an individual to make the decision based on the issues at hand.
Hedonism “The doctrine that pleasure or happiness is the highest good” (Hedonism, 2012). This means that an individual believes that his only or her happiness is all that matters.
Holism “The theory that whole entities, as fundamental components of reality, have an existence other than as the mere sum of their parts” (Holism, 2012). This means that an individual does not look only at the parts of an item.
Individualism “A social theory advocating the liberty, rights, or independent action of the individual” (Individualism, 2012). This means that an individual has the rights to be whom he or she desires.
Materialism “Preoccupation with or emphasis on material objects, comforts, and considerations, with a disinterest in or rejection of spiritual, intellectual, or cultural values” (Materialism, 2012). This means that an individual only cares for material possession, not feelings.
Metaphysical “Pertaining to or of the nature of metaphysics” (Metaphysical, 2012). This means that an individual looks at the physical reality of things around him or her.
Minimalism “Design or style in which the simplest and fewest elements are used to create the maximum effect” (Minimalism, 2012). This is what an individual does when wanting only to use a limited numbers of items or resources.
Monism “Any of various theories holding that there is only one basic substance or principle as the ground of reality, or that reality consists of a single element” (Monism, 2012). This is a theory that everything revolves around one center item.
Ethical extensionism “Arguments in environmental ethics that moral standing ought to be extended to things (animals, plants, species, the earth) that traditionally are not thought of as having moral standing” (Ethical extensionism, n.d.). This is the belief that the values, and practices of humans should be extended to all living and nonliving species.
Pluralism “A theory that there is more than one basic substance or principle” (Pluralism, 2012). This means that an individual could have more than one belief or feeling.
Naturalism “The view of the world that takes account only of natural elements and forces, excluding the supernatural or spiritual” (Naturalism, 2012). This is a theory that looks at how nature affects the world.
Normative “Of or pertaining to a norm, especially an assumed norm regarded as the standard of correctness in behavior, speech, writing, etc.” (Normative, 2012). This is what is believed to be standard. Everything else in the world is based on this norm.
Pragmatic “Of or pertaining to a practical point of view or practical...