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4711 words - 19 pages

Typically, the running head is required only for publication. Check with your instructor regarding the preference for using a running head. Doctoral students must include the running head. The words Running head only appear on the title page. Use no more than the first 50 characters of the title.


Pagination and Page Header: Use the header feature in Microsoft® Word to set the page number and to add the running head if one is included. See Appendix A for directions.

The title is in upper and lower case letters, centered between the left and right margins, and positioned on the upper half of the page. Use black, 12point Times New Roman font ...view middle of the document...

The sample paper is written to help you format your paper. Typically, an academic paper will include information from a variety of sources and should not contain more than 20% of its information from a single source. Although this sample paper is offered as a tool to help students with style, it is not a definitive or binding representation of format accepted by individual instructors. As a result, for all unresolved style and format issues, it is essential that you consult with your instructor before submitting your paper for a grade. Your instructor is the final authority regarding acceptable format and style for papers associated with a course, and the instructor's recommendations will prevail over this sample paper in the event that differences occur between the two.
Revised: December 2009

Center for Writing Excellence © 2009 Apollo Group, Inc. All rights reserved



According to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), An abstract is “a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the article; it allows readers to survey the contents of an article quickly and, like a title, it enables persons interested in the document to retrieve it from abstracting and indexing databases” (2010, p. 25). The first line of the abstract is not indented. An abstract may range from 150 to 250 words (APA, 2010). Because an abstract is not always required for student papers, adhere to your instructor’s requirements.

WRITING STYLE AND MECHANICS Writing Style and Mechanics
Indent the first line of each paragraph using the tab key. The tab key is usually set at five to seven spaces or onehalf inch.

Do not include Introduction as a level heading. Instead, begin the text of the paper by repeating the title from your title page. The title of the paper is centered but not bolded.

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) began as a journal article in 1929. That article reported results from a meeting of scholars “to establish a simple set of procedures, or style rules, that would codify the many components of scientific writing to increase the ease of reading comprehension” (APA, 2010, p. xiii). Today the Publication Manual is in its sixth edition, and the APA style described in it is a widely recognized standard for scholarly or professional writing in the social sciences. Although the style guide is designed to prepare manuscripts for publication, many universities and health care journals have adopted its use as a guide to achieve uniformity and consistency (Cuddy, 2002). Writing in the style prescribed by the Publication Manual can be a daunting experience for students. As with any new skill, “practice makes perfect”
Quotations: All quotations require a page number or paragraph number.

Use one space or two spaces after a period at the end of a sentence. Be consistent with usage throughout the document. Doctoral students should use two...

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