Erickson’s underlying principles of his theory were to fully understand and grasp how the human’s behavioral developments develop. And it also explains at what stage in their lives people start to assess certain feelings, virtues and challenges about their own lives. For example developing an identity for yourself, loving someone and knowing if you lived a meaningful life to be remembered for who you are and what you have done.
Stage 1: Trust VS. Mistrust.
As an infant comes into the world helpless and defenseless, they depend on their parents guardians or caregivers to take care of the. For the first two years of their lives its beneficial to learn that the parents/ caregivers can be ...view middle of the document...
The actions that lead to failure of this stage is judgmental, overly critical parents who also don’t allow children to partake in decision making as well as being too controlling causing doubt. Unsuccessfully Coming out of this stage may lead to kid dependent on others to think for them while dealing with lack of self -esteem and confidence. For example to overcome a crisis where a person is not allowed to speak or think for themselves they must learn to speak up and make the oppressive person aware that they have a mind of their own and that they need support in their decision making no matter if they agree or not.
Stage 3: Initiative vs Guilt
As kids begin to interact with one another they begin to engage in imaginative play and social play very often making up games and planning activities with other children. Being in this stage of life, kids learn to make judgements and plan their own actions. Parents should encourage their children to be adventurous and explore while making appropriate decisions. After successfully mastering this stage kids should have a sense of initiative, on the other hand those who don’t will experience guilt. The virtue obtained is purpose, meaning they have control and power. For someone to overcome a crisis like this make the effort and show whoever that they have the mindset to obtain control even if its not given directly to them but by them taking the initiative it shows and others will step back and let you handle things.
Stage 4: Industry VS. Inferiority
During school years after the adolescence stage children start to form a sense of competence, what helps plays an essential role in that is schooling. As children mature they become more inclined to tackle more complex task head on. They find interest in becoming more masterful and can accomplish numerous activities expressing interest in learning new things and tackling new challenges. Kids will receive encouragement and praise for a number of task like drawing, reading and writing by receiving this positive reinforcement kids develop their self- confidence.
However if a child does not receive this praise or positive reinforcement for completing a new skill or task they would feel inferior and the child would be less confident in their own abilities. The virtue obtained from successfully completing this stage is competence. Overcoming this crisis of failure should be done by allowing the individual to complete task and giving accolades when necessary, its letting the child know that what they have done was right and effort is always rewarded.
Stage 5: Identity VS. Role Confusion
At this stage kids are turning into teens and they start to ponder about who they really are, what they want to be in life also their general beliefs are formed. To develop good identity is to support and love. Kids/teens go about it in different ways and different phases to learn how to express themselves. Kids/teens who get the chance to personally explore themselves turn out...