Depression is a disease that deflects the human psyche in such a way that the afflicted tends to act and react abnormally towards others and themselves. Therefore depression is strongly linked with teenage suicide. Adolescent suicide brings more deaths in youngsters of age 15 to 19 than cardiovascular disease or cancer.
The reason why depression is often over looked in children and adolescent is only because” children are always able to express how they feel”. Sometimes the symptoms of mood disorders take on different forms in children than adults. Adolescence is a time of emotional turmoil, mood, swings, gloomy thoughts and heightened sensitivity. It is a time of rebellion and experimentation. A psychiatrist observed that the challenge is to identify depressive symptomatology which may be super imposed on the back drop of more transient but expected ...view middle of the document...
Depression is often described as an exaggeration of the duration and intensity of normal mood changes. Key indicators of adolescent depression include a drastic change in eating and sleeping patterns, significant loss of interest in previous activity interest, constant boredom, disruptive behavior, peer problems, increased irritability and aggression. Formal psychological testing may be helpful in complicated presentation that does not lead them easily to diagnosis.
For many teen, symptoms of depression are directly related to low self-esteem stemming from increased emphasis on peer popularity. For other teens, depression arises from poor family relations, which could include decreased family support and perceived rejection by parents. It is stated “when parents are struggling over martial or career problems, or are ill themselves, teens may feel the tension and try to distract their parents”.
This “distraction” could include increased disruptive behavior, self-inflicted isolation and even verbal threats of suicide. So how can the physician determine when a patient should be diagnosis as depressed or suicidal? A renowned western psychiatrist suggested the best way to diagnose is to “screen out the vulnerable groups of factors” include verbal signs of suicide within the last three months, prior attempts at suicide, indication of severe mood problems or excessive alcohol and substance abuse.
“Although most teenagers can successfully climb the mountain of emotional and psychological obstacles that lie in their path ,there are some who find themselves overwhelmed and full of stress”. with the help of teachers, school counselors , mental health professionals, parents and other caring adults the severity of a teen`s depression can not only be accurately evaluated, but plans can be made to improve his or her well-being and ability to fully engage in life.