PROPOSAL FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF
A SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARK NETWORK MECHANISM DESIGNED TO FOSTER INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
17 April 2002, Beijing, China
A number of “Science and Technology Parks” have been developed around the world as a means of stimulating start-up and growth of technologically intensive, knowledge-based businesses, and of facilitating the links between the research and industrial communities. These are typically designed to serve: as an incubating base for private sector ventures; as a training base for persons with new, innovating skills; and as an experimental zone for new technologies.
Such Science and ...view middle of the document...
This document outlines a proposal for the development of international partnerships through the Science-and-Technology-Park mechanism that will focus on science and technology innovations in pursuit of sustainable development. It will adopt a networking approach along the lines of the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) with an international, rather than a national or local focus, and will be designed to pay particular attention to the science and technology needs of developing countries.
This proposal was discussed and shaped at the Beijing Forum on New and Emerging Technologies and Sustainable Development, held in Beijing, China, from 15 to 17 April 2002. Plans to proceed with the development of such an entity could be one of the concrete initiatives announced at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg, South Africa, in late August and early September 2002.
Science and Technology Parks are a means of supporting a knowledge-based economy, and fostering market-oriented technological development. They typically accomplish this by bringing together academic, business and governmental organizations into one physical location, and supporting interrelationships between these groups through incentives established by governmental policies. Since academic institutions tend to draw technically qualified personnel to a particular region, locations immediately near these institutions become prime candidates for such parks.
Two examples, from both the developed and developing world, are indicative:
• The University City Science Center in Philadelphia is owned by a consortium of more than thirty academic and scientific institutions. It is physically located immediately adjacent to both the University of Pennsylvania and Drexel University. Established in 1963, it is both the oldest and largest urban research park within the US. More than two hundred technology and research-based organizations are located within the Science Center, and approximately 7,000 people are employed there. The Center was the world’s first business incubator, and has also been the most successful – it has launched approximately 250 private sector companies during the past three decades.
• In China, the Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park is the first state-level high-technology development zone. There are many research institutions and universities with within its borders, including Beijing University, Tsinghua University, and institutes of the Chinese Academy of Science. And also, around one third of the members of both the Chinese Academy of Science and the Chinese Academy of Engineering can be found within the Science and Technology Park. The Science and Technology Park currently has five zones in which houses not only Chinese enterprises, but also local subsidiaries of internationally recognized firms such as IBM, Microsoft and Mitsubishi. In the Tenth...