Students learn about a historical event through studying its causes and effects. After researching the subject, writing a couple of paragraphs, and creating a T-chart, students report their findings to the class.
This lesson is broken into two parts. The Cause and Effect Review is a practice exercise. It deals with the basic concepts of cause and effect. Depending on the level of your class and their familiarity with the concepts of cause and effect, you may opt to move straight to the activity.
Prior to this lesson, create cause and effect cards. Pass one ...view middle of the document...
On July 16, 1861, a Union army, led by General Irvin McDowell, begins to move toward Confederate troops under General Beauregard that are grouped about Manassas Junction, 25 miles southwest of Washington, D.C. The two armies do not meet until July 21. The battle, known as First Bull Run or First Manassas, starts well for the North. However, with the arrival of Confederate reinforcements and the heroic stand of General Thomas A. Jackson, who earns the nickname Stonewall, the
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battle ends in an overwhelming victory for the South. Most of the Union troops straggle back to Washington in near panic. The defeat shocks the North. Northerners realize that the war could be a devastating struggle that might last for years. Governors offer more troops. The Union War Department pushes to organize long-term volunteers.
CAUSE UNION ARMY MEETS CONFEDERATE TROOPS AT MANASSAS JUNCTION. ARRIVAL OF CONFEDERATE REINFORCEMENTS AND THE HEROIC STAND OF GEN. THOMAS A. JACKSON (STONEWALL) THE DEFEAT SHOCKED THE NORTH. GOVERNOR OFFERS MORE TROOPS BATTLE ENDS IN OVERWHELMING VICTORY FOR THE SOUTH. NORTHERNERS REALIZE THAT THE WAR COULD BE A DEVASTATING STRUGGLE THAT MIGHT LAST FOR YEARS. THE UNION WAR DEPARTMENT PUSHES TO ORGANIZE LONG-TERM VOLUNTEERS. EFFECT THE BATTLE STARTS WELL FOR THE NORTH.
Standard 2. Understands the Historical Perspective analyzes the influence specific ideas and beliefs had on a period of history analyzes the effect that specific “chance events” had on history analyzes the effects specific decisions had on history
Standard 4. Gathers and uses information for research purposes uses a variety of resource materials to gather information for research topics organizes information and ideas from multiple sources in systematic ways
Standard 1. Makes effective use of basic tools Standard 2. Uses various information sources, including those of a technical nature, to accomplish specific tasks
Thinking and Reasoning
Standard 2. Understands and applies basic principles of logic and reasoning Standard 3. Effectively uses mental processes that are based on identifying similarities and differences (compares, contrasts, classifies) Standard 6. Applies decision-making techniques
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UNDERSTAND YOUR MISSION
In this activity, you will use research and a T-chart to apply cause and effect to a major historical event related to the Mississippi River.
Pretend for a monment you are driving along with your family and all of a sudden, you...