Community Health Task 1
Western Governors University
Community Description and Data Interpretation
Located in South Central Pennsylvania, comprising a total of 910 square miles, York County was founded in 1749. It was formed out of Lancaster County, and became the fifth county established in Pennsylvania, as well as the first county established west of the Susquehanna River. A dispute grew between Pennsylvania and Maryland, as both states claimed a portion of York County. Thus the government hired British surveyors Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to establish the boundary line between Maryland and Pennsylvania, who formed a demarcation which became ...view middle of the document...
The birth rate in York County is 12.2 per 1000, while the death rate is 8.5 per 1000. From July 2005 to July 2006, the total births per 100,000 population was 43.67, while the total deaths per 100,000 population was 76.32 (US Census Bureau, 2014).
The population of York County has been increasing, in part due to the influx of Maryland residents moving to Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania has traditionally had lower taxes and housing costs than Maryland. Furthermore, with York County being right along the Maryland border, it allows for a convenient commute to Washington D.C., Baltimore, MD, and Virginia.
To interpret the data listed previously, York City is the most populous city in York County. The average age of the residence of York County is increasing as the baby boomers age. An older population means an increase in chronic health conditions and can lead to a strain on the health care system and Social Security. The average household income of York County is higher than the average for the state of Pennsylvania, and the unemployment rate is lower. Finally, the population of York County has been increasing.
York County’s culture and race makeup is predominantly White, with 90.2% identifying themselves as White. 6.2% are Black or African American, 6.1% are Hispanic or Latino, while 1.4% are Asian. 0.3% are American Indian or Alaska Natives, and 0.1% are Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander. 1.9% identify with one or more races (US Census Bureau, 2014).
The culture in York County is largely homogenous. The majority of the county is White and works in manufacturing. In a personal interview, M.M. describes the culture in Hanover, PA (the second largest city in York County) as follows: “I feel like it is rare for me to see a person of another culture in this town. Hanover is an old-fashioned, hard-working town that feels like family. I work with my neighbors at Utz Quality Foods, and I like that I feel safe and surrounded by friends.” J.H. described the culture in York County as “growing and changing more slowly than the rest of the world. The African American and Hispanic population is slowly increasing, but for now we are mostly all from similar backgrounds.”
The official language of York County is English; however, with the increase in the population of Hispanic/Latino people, many people are now speaking Spanish. Also, York County has numerous Mennonites and Amish people. Several Mennonites, as well as other persons of Pennsylvania Dutch decent, speak in the Pennsylvania Dutch English dialect.
Many workers in York County work in manufacturing, and this is their primary source of income. York County is home to numerous manufacturing plants, including Utz Quality Foods, Martin’s Potato Chips, Susquehanna Glass, Wolfgang Candy Company, Snyder’s of Hanover, Gibble’s Potato Chips, and the Harley-Davidson Motor Company.
York County does have a higher rate of health insurance coverage than the...