INDIVIDUAL PROJECT #2
THE ORIGINS OF VERNACUALR LANGUAGES
Professor Laurie Sprankle
April 14th 2013
American InterContinental University
The following paper presents a brief history of the Latin language origin, providing a synopsis of the creation of the very first writing method that went through changes and how it spread out the world. In addition and where appropriate, it is indicated how Charlemagne had an influence on the continuity of Latin.
Even thought Latin is defined as a dead language and has no real future it has a long history. Latin was commonly used until the twelfth century by educated ...view middle of the document...
Those who had that privilege were called the dubsar and became members of the upper-class. As cuneiform gained acceptance throughout the Middle East, it could be understood by all ethnic groups even though the groups spoke different languages and dialects. (Britishmuseum, n.d.) The Akkadians adopted it followed by Babylonians and Assyrians. The expansion of cuneiform outside Mesopotamia began during the 3rd millennium BC. While Elan – southwestern modern Iran - adopted it, the Hurrians adopted the Addadian cuneiform version to then pass it to the Hitties who had invaded Asia Minor. Thus, cuneiform spread out among the Middle East and became the universal medium of written communication. After the fell of Assyrian and Babylonian empires in the 7th and 6th centuries BC Aramaic which is the ancestor of Arabic and Hebrew, became the common language. Because of its non-alphabetic way of writing and the successfully introduction of the alphabetic system invented by the Phoenicians, Israelits and Greek, cuneiform lost its adepts and slowly disappeared. However, many priest and scholars kept using the writing form until the first century AD. (Burenhult , 1994)
As the centuries go on, and because of many battles, invasions and influences from others cultures the spread of what was at the beginning the cuneiform, took many different aspects all around the world. The exact origin of Latin stays very vague but most of historians associate the birth of the language to the dialect spoken by the Latini people who lived in Latium, the region of central western Italy. In 753 BC, when the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire Latin was the language spoken by several thousand of people in and near Rome. In a little over a century, the Latin Romans would fall under the Etruscan kings and thus, Latin’s evolution was affectively influenced by them. Later on, Latin was also affected by the Celtic migrations and their Northern Italy dialects and by the dominant culture of the Greek. Then its spread will quickly reach not only reach a large part of Italy but also a large portion of the western world through the numerous conquests of the Roman Empire and thus, as a main impact, Latin will be spoken in many different forms. While classical Latin developed in the city of Rome and its environs, a spoken vernacular...