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Surrogate Motherhood: Comparing Two Articles Essay

1235 words - 5 pages

“Time to Ban Surrogate Motherhood,” written by Lynda Hurst and “Surrogate Motherhood: Why it Should Be Permitted,” written by Allan C. Hutchinson, are persuasive texts where the authors’ attempts to influence the audience to agree with their side of the argument on surrogate motherhood. According to The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, surrogate motherhood is defined as, “a woman who bears a child for another person, often for pay, either through artificial insemination or by carrying until birth another woman's surgically implanted fertilized egg.” Since the persuasive works are published in different newspapers, one being The Toronto Star and the other being The ...view middle of the document...

In Hurst’s article, the use of opposing arguments is not found. This is done to keep the news article in The Toronto Star simple for those at a lower reading level. Conversely, in Hutchinson’s work, he quotes Allan Leal, vice-chairman of the Law Reform Commission and shoots down two of his central claims. The following is an example where Hutchinson counter argues the other side of the disagreement: “…surrogacy undermines ‘the basic principal of social ordering’ that ‘the procreation and rearing of children should take place within a marital union’… Regarding the first claim, marriage as a life-long relation is no longer the norm in society” (25). By supporting his pro surrogate motherhood side with more evidence, the more intellectual audience will pick up on his counter arguing skills and agree with him. Through this, Hutchinson’s writing is more persuasive and once again, it attracts the smarter and more mature readers. Evidently, diction characterizes the target audience in both essays.
Although diction partially defines the target audience, it is not complete without literary devices and emotional appeal. First of all, imagery and foreshadowing are the literary devices that are included in Hurst’s article. One example of imagery creating emotional appeal in “Time to Ban Surrogate Motherhood” is, “It involved a handicapped infant born to a Lansing woman who’d been paid to bear it by a New York man. When the degree of the baby’s retardation became know, the man refused to take custody…” (Hurst 23). Usually, an emotional or pathetic appeal is aimed at the less mature, less intelligent, and the ‘female’ crowd. Since immature people are less intellectual, and ‘females’ are more emotional than males, the sympathy created from the imagery quotation influences them to side with Hurst. On the other hand, the smarter audience abides with Hutchinson as they do not really care for the emotional appeal; instead, they want the evidence. Furthermore, the subject of Hurst’s piece of writing is foreshadowed in the first sentence of the first paragraph, “England’s High Court Justice Sir John Brimstead Latey undoubtedly made the only feasible decision this week when he allowed an American couple to keep the newborn baby it had paid a British woman to bear” (22). Interestingly enough, foreshadowing creates suspense in the audience. If the readers guess incorrectly on what happens next, the author looks like a genius in the mind of the readers; however, if the audience guesses correctly, nothing really happens except a boost of confidence in their minds. Once again, “Time to Ban Surrogate Motherhood” targets the dumber, immature and uninformed audience. Literary devices and emotional appeal help define the readers; and, in conclusion, the elements of tone are the initial dissimilarity that defines the target audience in Hurst’s and Hutchinson’s...

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