Superpower Theories Essay

872 words - 4 pages

Dependency theory

According to dependency theory, countries become more dependent upon more powerful,
frequently colonial powers, as a result of interaction and ‘development’. As the more
powerful country exploits the resources of its weaker colony, the colony becomes
dependent upon the stronger power. Goods fl ow from the colony to support consumers in
the overseas country.
Andre Frank (1971) described the effect of capitalist development on many countries as
‘the development of underdevelopment’. The problem of poor countries is not that they lack
the resources, technical know-how, modern institutions or cultural developments that lead
to development, but that they are being ...view middle of the document...

The developmentalism school assumed that:
• each country was economically and politically free (autonomous)
• all countries follow the same route to development.
Developmentalism suggested that what happened in North America and Europe was best
and would automatically happen elsewhere, which is not necessarily the case.
According to Wallerstein, the capitalist world system has three main characteristics:
• a global market
• many countries, which allow political and economic competition
• three tiers of countries.
The tiers are defined as core, largely MEDCs, the periphery, which can be identified with
LEDCs, and the semi-periphery. The semi-periphery refers to countries where there are
class struggles and social change, such as Latin America in the 1980s and eastern Europe
in the late 1980s and early 1990s. It also includes the NICs where large-scale economic
growth has occurred. Some of these NICs, notably China, India and Brazil, may be
superpowers in the future.
Wallerstein argued that capitalist development led to cycles of growth and stagnation. One
of these cycles is a long-term economic cycle known as a Kondratieff cycle. This identifies
cycles of depression at roughly 50- to 60-year intervals. The last two were in the 1920–
30s and the late 1980s. Stagnation is important for the restructuring of the world system
and allows the semi-periphery to become involved in the development process. Indeed, the
recent financial crises may see some mini-superpowers emerging, notably the oil-rich Gulf
States, with their vast financial resources. According to the world systems approach, capitalism includes feudalism and socialism.
They are extreme variations on the division of labour. As the world develops and changes,
there will either be a swing towards a more...

Other Papers Like Superpower Theories

hitler vs stalin Essay

1138 words - 5 pages . Joseph Stalin was born Iosif Vissarionovitch Dzhugashvili in 1879 in the Russian province of Georgia. The infant Dzhugashvili contracted smallpox, a disease that left him with permanent facial scarring. At the behest of his mother, Dzhugashvili entered a seminary to train for the priesthood – but he was soon expelled for behavioural problems and not paying his school fees. In 1903 he took a liking to the communist theories of Lenin and

History of Television Essay

3606 words - 15 pages . The television mass rituals have also become very strong and show no signs of weakening its hold. There have been introduction of new types of delivery systems such as satellite, cable and cassette signals over the years. Generalizations/Principles/Theories: The television has developed over the years from the big bulky television to the slim and better television sets. I am happy that I have seen the development of this medium first hand. I

International Economics

1580 words - 7 pages . the U.S. economy roughly tripled in size. B. U.S. imports roughly tripled in size. C. the share of US Trade in the economy roughly tripled in size. D. U.S. Imports roughly tripled as compared to U.S. exports. E. U.S. exports roughly tripled in size. Answer: C 3. The United States is less dependent on trade than most other countries because A. the United States is a relatively large country. B. the United States is a "Superpower.". C. the

Henry Kissinger

1805 words - 8 pages relatives died in the Holocaust death camps. There is no doubt that the leadership qualities he possessed we learned over many years. In fact, Henry was quoted by author and writer of his biography, Walter Issacson, as saying “Living as a Jew under the Nazis, then as a refugee in America, and then as a private in the army, isn’t exactly an experience that builds confidence” (Issacson, 1996). As behavioral theories suggest, leaders are not born

The Rivalry Between Germany And Britain

2171 words - 9 pages other European Powers such as Britain, and even Japan and America involved thus became a world wide armed conflict. There are many arguments that have been made among historians about grounds of such war. So many theories have been found, and discussed for decades. Yet the controversy has not seen its end and is still growing. Imperialism, militarism, rise of nationalism, and the alliance systems are often named as the major causes. However

Describe and Evaluate the Effectiveness of Sociological Theories in Explaining the Role of the Public Services in Contemporary Society

2940 words - 12 pages Describe and evaluate the effectiveness of sociological theories in explaining the role of the public services in contemporary society. Since the beginning of time (Giddens, 2009), human kind has constantly striven to reflect and improve their past behaviour and conducts, with aspiration that their knowledge will help create a better society. Charles Wright Mills an American Sociologist refers to this as ‘Sociological imagination

Defense Economics

5728 words - 23 pages real-world economics review, issue no. 46 Economics, conflict and war Fanny Coulomb and J. Paul Dunne [Uni. Pierre Mendes, France; Uni. of the West of England, UK] Copyright: Fanny Coulomb and J. Paul Dunne, 2008 Introduction With the end of the Cold War the international security environment changed fundamentally. The removal of the superpower conflict saw an initial wave of hope and cuts in military spending, but it quickly became

Sun Tzu Versus Carl Von Clausewitz

2322 words - 10 pages “war is not merely an act of policy but a true political instrument…”(Carl Von Clausewitz, On War, p.99). This definition has tremendous meaning with the conflict we have been facing with Al-Qaeda, in which a clear political goal is necessary to achieve an end, through political tools, not just mere force. Sun Tzu’s theories may once again gain important value with the advancement of the rising superpower of China (R.M. McNeilly, Sun Tzu and the

Theories in International Relation

2339 words - 10 pages 1. Why are theories of international relations important? First of all, international relation is the study of relationship between countries, including the roles of states, inter-governmental organization, international nongovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, and multinational corporations. In our modern society, globalization has made countries dependent with each other due to the rapid flow of goods, services, people

Logistics

4681 words - 19 pages China’s Economic Growth 1978-2025: What We Know Today about China’s Economic Growth Tomorrow Views of the future China vary widely. While some believe that the collapse of China is inevitable, others see the emergence of a new superpower that increasingly poses a threat to the U.S. This paper examines the economic growth prospects of China over the next two decades. Extrapolating past real GDP growth rates into the future, the size of the

Evolution of American Intelligence

2768 words - 12 pages intelligence does not keep up with the times, then our country will surely falter within the vital area of national security. The United States must adapt our military and civilian counterparts in cybersecurity and cyber intelligence capabilities in order to survive as a superpower for the 21st century. Sherman Kent’s Analytic Doctrine is an understood step in developing proper intelligence analysis in our country’s intelligence agencies. Applying and

Related Essays

The Cuban Missile Essay

2550 words - 11 pages nuclear war became more real and “the 13 days in October 1962 that encompassed the Cuban Missile Crisis stand out as a particularly terrifying moment” (George 2). Standing between a global, nuclear World War III were the leaders of each of the superpower countries, holding the ability to save or destroy the world. President Kennedy of the United States and the Soviet Union’s leader, Khrushchev, each had to make decisions and concessions to

Discrimination Social Issue For Glt 1

877 words - 4 pages into discrimination. Characteristically, minorities are overworked with little prospect for promotion or commission compared to their Caucasian counterparts. Finally, something like nepotism within Caucasian society could present numerous advantages, for instance, in the processes of obtaining loans, being accepted into elite universities, and eligibility for esteemed scholarships. Effects Despite being an economical superpower for many years

Civil War Essay

3239 words - 13 pages significant decrease as conflicts strongly associated with the superpower rivalry came to an end. Since 1945, civil wars have resulted in the deaths of over 25 million people, as well as the forced displacement of millions more. Civil wars have further resulted in economic collapse; Burma, Uganda and Angola are examples of nations that were considered to have promising futures before being engulfed in civil wars. Definition James Fearon, a scholar of

Truly War? Essay

3144 words - 13 pages significant decrease as conflicts strongly associated with the superpower rivalry came to an end. Since 1945, civil wars have resulted in the deaths of over 25 million people, as well as the forced displacement of millions more. Civil wars have further resulted in economic collapse; Somalia, Burma, Uganda and Angola are examples of nations that were considered to have promising futures before being engulfed in civil wars. Formal classification James