Supermaximum Security Prisons Essay

1369 words - 6 pages

The correctional system has tried to determine what the best method for dealing with criminals is, particularly criminals who are deemed to be the "worst criminal" type. There are two different models that have been suggested, the dispersion model and the consolidation model. To define it simply, the dispersion model "scatters offenders with unusually dangerous histories or disruptive behavioral patterns throughout the correctional system, thus avoiding a concentration of such offenders in any one location" (Hickey, 2010, p. 208). The consolidation model "involves placing all highly dangerous inmates at one location and controlling them through reliance on heightened security procedures" ...view middle of the document...

437). This case also uncovered information pertaining to guards covering up for each other and union officials using their power to stop official investigations (Pollock, 2010). Generally speaking, this type of conduct is not all that uncommon in corrections. However, in terms of supermax facilities it cannot be suddenly acceptable for brutality and lack of medical care to occur just because the criminals are considered "the worst of the worst" (Hickey, 2010).

Another problem with Supermax prisons is the procedure for transfer. Allegations have been made suggesting that those types of prisons are being used for individuals that are not particularly dangerous and are more analogous to troublemakers. In addition, there are reports of mentally ill individuals being sent to supermax prisons because of the individual’s inability to control their own behavior. It has be determined that the conditions in the supermax prisons cause mentally ill individuals to become more ill due to isolation and lack of medical care (Pollock, 2010). As previously discussed, these types of prison conditions are associated with increased rate of mental illness. Should mentally ill inmates be sent to supermax prisons? Even individuals that agree with the use of supermaximum security prisons identify the mentally ill as a group that should not be sent to supermax prisons. The mentally ill are placed in the same category as inmates "who are situationally assaultive or who commit minor infractions" (Riveland, 1999). These groups of individuals are seen as simply consuming "very expensive high-security beds with little overall operational impact" (Riveland, 1999). There needs to be certain criteria that cause an individual to be transferred. The theoretical intent of supermax prisons is to isolate inmates who are dangerous, violent, attempted escape, or incited disruption. They were not meant as a way to exact additional punishment on the criminal, or as a means of confining bothersome inmates (Riveland, 1999). In addition, the transfer is usually indefinite and only gets reviewed once a year. Transfer to a supermax facility also means disqualification from parole consideration (Pollock, 2010). There are a number of issues that need to be addressed, including reasons for transfer and duration of the transfer. Furthermore, there needs to be specific guidelines for transfer procedures.

While the consolidation method does have certain problems, there are a number of factors that make this model seem more feasible. It places all highly dangerous inmates in one location and would allow for more specific security measures to be instated. The consolidation model is also viewed as a more efficient and effective way of focusing extra security resources. The training of staff can be more specific to what procedures are needed in a supermax prison. Part of the challenge in operating a supermax facility is balancing the safety of both, the staff and...

Other Papers Like Supermaximum Security Prisons

A Heart Of Darkness Essay

1748 words - 7 pages In this short story, there are frequent significant subject and ideas that make the story, "A Heart of Darkness," by Joseph Conrad, and haunting novel. The main theme is absolute white power over the natives. The theme validates the corruption, and the dependence caused by the white people as they took over the Congo. White men were giving all the power; they had no self-control, and in the end they did not use wisely. The white men became

The Aspects Of Vulnerability Among The Exploited In Medical Research

2287 words - 10 pages Essentially, everyone is in some state of vulnerability. However, some of us are more susceptible to harm due to our vulnerabilities. The susceptible are the individuals with the greatest risk. These individuals risk the loss of their autonomy, and maybe even their lives. Vulnerable populations can be found in every subset of society. However, as previously mentioned, there are some vulnerable populations that are at an even greater risk than

The Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Galaxy

1171 words - 5 pages The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy As the human race makes life-changing discoveries, it is made apparent that there is always more to learn as the universe, instead of becoming familiar, is becoming absurd. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, written by Douglas Adams, as well as the 2005 film adaption, portrays absurdity to be an all-encompassing system in the universe. Through the introduction and attempt to understand lack of reason, the

The Ford Motor Company Wage Increase Of 1914 And The Theory Of Incentives And Efficiency Wages

1252 words - 6 pages ‘It’s not the employer who pays the wages. Employers only handle the money. It is the customer who pays the wages’ (Henry Ford, cited in Johnson and Weinstein 2004, p. 2). When the Ford Motor Company announced that it would more than double the wages of its workers in January 1914 to a ‘five-dollar day’ minimum, was this a contradiction to Henry Ford’s statement? If customers are actually the ultimate payers of wages, then more than

Historical Analysis Of The Economical Breakthroughs Of The Industrial Revolution

1396 words - 6 pages A Historical Analysis of the Economical Breakthroughs of the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution, many elements of society experienced huge breakthroughs that would change the way they functioned forever. Economics were definitely one of them. With many new inventions and many factories appearing, many, many, more resources were being created than ever before. Also, all of the revenue from these resources was being given to

Leadership Portrayed in Monologue from Shakespeare’s Henry V

1214 words - 5 pages Leadership is defined as a socially constructed process and which also affect organizational future outcomes. Leader is someone at high position who have overall duty for an organization, she or he decide what to do and the way how to achieve it. (Carter and Greer, 2013)The role of leader is extremely important for an organization, leader use their own power to influence the followers though many different ways such as motivation in order to

Cuba Civil Rights

1906 words - 8 pages . World Report 2013 Cuba" says the “…prisons are overcrowded, unhygienic, and unhealthy, leading to extensive malnutrition and illness. More than 57,000 Cubans are in prisons or work camps.” Because of this prisoners often try to protest the conditions through hunger strikes. According to World Report 2013 Cuba" the punishment for hunger striking things such as “…extended solitary confinement, beatings, restrictions on family visits, and denial or

US Freight System

1273 words - 6 pages General Environment Each American requires the movement of approximately 40 tons of freight per year across the freight network. This includes everything from shirts to lawn mower to orange juice. • As the U.S. population expands, the U.S. freight system will be called upon to meet the demands of a larger population • Between 2010 and 2035, the system will experience a 22 percent increase in the total amount of tonnage it moves • By 2050, with

Democratic Peace Theory

1852 words - 8 pages Intro: US Presidents have made it a goal during their term(s) in office to establish a good relationship with foreign countries and even try to improve upon existing connections with our allies. Some believe it is to prevent conflicts between the countries while others dispute that it is a threat assessment by the United States to pick and choose their friends and enemies. Preventing conflict between two democracies or countries that practice

Booker T. Washington

1621 words - 7 pages “Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome” –Booker T. Washing. Booker Taliaferro Washington was born in Hale’s Ford, Virginia on April 5th, 1856 to Jane Burroughs and an unknown White man. Washington was married three times. His first wife was Fannie N. Smith from Malden, West Virginia. Booker and Fannie were married in the summer of 1882 and had one child

Corn, Broccoli, Grass Or Balanced

2611 words - 11 pages About a century ago, there was not an epidemic of diet-related illness, a bizarre account of destroyed farmland, dead zones in our oceans created by chemical run-off spilling into the waterways, and there sure was not millions of people questioning the moral ethics of their diet. In the Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, the author Michael Pollan goes on a journey to investigate the sources of the nation’s food supply, for which

Related Essays

Freedom And Responsibility Essay

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws Essay

2348 words - 10 pages /prisons/kinga2.htm>. Turley, Jonathan. "Prosecutors Consider Hate Crime Charges in Clementi Case.” Jonathanturley.org. 3 Oct 2010. 26 Oct 2011. . Wellman, Christopher Heath. “Hate Crimes Deserve Harsher Punishment.” At Issue: What is a Hate Crime?Ed. Robert Winters.Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2007. 24-36.

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Holidays In Albania Essay

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are