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Sun Yat Sen Essay

1234 words - 5 pages

Dr. Sun Yat Sen was widely recognized as the founder of the modern China. Through his political inspiration and guidance, he successfully led the fellow Chinese people out of the darkness of the corrupted imperial Qing Dynasty to the new grounds of democracy. Although Sun's goal was not totally accomplished by the time he past away, but no doubt his dedication for the country was unparallel by anyone. Not only in the eyes of the Chinese that he was considered as an outstanding revolutionary, but also in the eyes of the Westerners that he was considered to be the most important person in the twentieth century in modern China. Without Sun, China would probably remain in control of the rotten ...view middle of the document...

The main goal of the group was to show the goal of prospering a China and to serve as the platform for future revolutionary activities.In 1895, Sun attempted to lead a rebellion in Southeast China against the government, but failed. Consequentially, The Chinese government requested the British government to ban Sun from Hong Kong and from then on, Sun began his 16 years of exile life. Sun first moved to Japan and reorganized his political activities. For a while, Japan served as Sun's base for all political activities. Then, Sun was also banned from Japan, so he traveled to Southeast Asia and lived among many of these countries. Apart from these Asian countries, Sun also lived in Europe, Canada and America. During his visit to these nations, Sun explained the situation of China to these countries as ways to seek for funding in supporting the reform. Unfortunately, because of his weak planning, he failed to receive the aid he wished.By 1905, Sun developed a set of more coherent set of principles that eventually became his personal ideology in this reform. This new ideology, he termed, was called the "Three Principle of the People". Within these three principles were nationalism, democracy and equalization. Sun believed that first of all, the government should belong strictly to the Chinese people. Second, he believed that the government should be republican and democratic. In terms of land, he believed that lands should be distributed more evenly among peasants. In terms of Sun's theory of democracy in government, he followed the outline of the Western governmental system, in which the government would be divided into three different branches: the executive, legislative and judicial. In addition would be the censorate and civil service system which were traditional Chinese branches that Sun preserved. In addition, in Sun's mind, democracy also comprised of the "right to vote, the right to recall, the power to initiate and the power to referendum." Given with these great thinking, Sun realized the transition to democracy would not happen in a blink of an eye. Hence, he established a period to exercise on democracy which he named it the "Three Stage of Revolution". In these three stages, Sun attempted to guide the Chinese people from dismantling the old form of government to embracing democracy through the help of a period...

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