PCN-501: Introduction to Addictions and Substance Use Disorders
Grand Canyon University
Even the most severely addicted individuals can participate in treatment; in the hopes of reducing their drug and alcohol use. Treatment programs with the higher success rates offer a combination of treatments. I will explore substance abuse prevention programs in this paper. I will summarize their goals, funding, and effectiveness.
In the state of Arizona, the Division of Behavioral Health Services oversees A.A sectors. Alcoholics Anonymous’ primary purpose is to help others remain or achieve sobriety. Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.) requires no dues or fees to be a ...view middle of the document...
A strong bond with other patients or group leaders is also a powerful motivator to keep coming back.
Although the above statements are strengths, A.A could also harbor some weaknesses. For instance A.A does not explore the root of the problem behavior (in this case alcoholism). For successful, long-term recovery to occur, some biochemical repairs need to be done. Alternative treatment centers that approach alcoholism from a biochemical viewpoint have a 75% success rate (Problems with Alcoholics Anonymous, 2012).
Hazelden, a national nonprofit organization founded in 1949, helps people reclaim their lives from the disease of addiction. With funding from a National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) grant, Hazelden has created a new intervention program for teens seeking substance abuse treatment. This program will reinforce the skills they learn while in treatment and will help navigate them through the challenges of early recovery (Hazelden, 2012). Hazelden has a social community where one can interact with others who are seeking to remain free of addiction through live chats, podcasts, online meetings, etc. Hazelden has non-discrimination policy statements in place to best serve the community and diverse populations. Approved by government regulators, Hazelden has recently merged with the Betty Ford Center, the nation’s largest nonprofit treatment organization. What’s nice about Hazelden is that it offers a diversified selection of treatment programs. There are outpatient and residential services that are also age and gender based. Hazelden also offers access to concurrent mental disorders (depression, PTSD, stress, anxiety). It also offers a free 18-month continued care program (Minnesota Alcohol Treatment Facility Reviews: Hazelden Treatment Center, 2014).
Unlike Alcoholics Anonymous, treatment at Hazelden is expensive. Although some insurance is accepted, it does not use slide-scale fees for the uninsured. Like A.A, Hazelden centers their program around the 12-steps and fuses other elements. Hazelden has a residential setting that incorporates group as well as individual therapy, lectures, discussions and attendance at 12-step meetings that are run by counselors, nurses, physicians and psychologists. Treatment is individualized, and Cognitive Behavioral as well as Motivational Enhancement therapy is included in the process (Hazelden, 2012).
Another prevention program is the school-based Drug Abuse Resistance Education Program (D.A.R.E). D.A.R.E. is a non-profit tax-exempt organization that oversees the training law enforcement receives in order to provide education in the schools on drug use. D.A.R.E also markets for the program, licenses...