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Subhash Chandra Bose Essay

4476 words - 18 pages

Subhas Chandra Bose, as an outstanding leader
of the Indian National Movement became a
legendary figure to be almost worshipped as a
great hero and a charismatic leader. A study of
his biography unfolds before us his unflagging
zeal, as an empiricist, in gaining a theoretical
foundation for a plan of action, in his own
personal life and in Indian freedom movement
and in this respect he was influenced by his
own parents, Beni Madhab Das, Headmaster,
Revenshaw Collegiate School, teachings of
Ramakrishna, Vivekananda and Aurobindo
Ghosh, C.R. Das, Lenin, Mustapha Kemal
Pasha, De Valera, Joseph Mezzini, Count
Cavour, Garibaldi, and the impact of freedom
movements in other ...view middle of the document...

His religious and spiritual propensity was
further elevated and broadened in contact with
the teachings of Ramkrishna Paramahansa and
Vivekananda. He always had a small copy of
Bhagavat Gita in the breast pocket of his field
uniform. He would plunge into deep meditation
at dead hours of night even in the battlefields
of South East Asia. While in Singapore he used
to drive to Ramakrishna Mission late at night,
change into a priestly silk dhoti, shut himself
up in the prayer room with rosary in hand andspent a couple of hours in meditation. He would
display his deep devotion to God in the hours
of sorrows and sufferings, weal and woe of
his life.
At the time of the proclamation of the
Provisional Government of Azad Hind, he took
the oath, "In the name of God, I take this sacred
oath that to liberate India and the thirty-eight
crores of my countrymen. I, Subhas Chandra
Bose, will continue the sacred war of freedom
till the last breath of my life." Again, on the
day of taking over direct command of the I.N.A.
on 26 August 1943, he said "I pray that God
may give me the necessary strength to fulfil my
duty to Indians, under all circumstances,
however difficult or trying they may be." Again
in his address to Indian National Army at
Singapore, he said, "May God now bless our
Army and grant us victory in the coming fight."
Subhas Chandra Bose accepted
Upanishadic concept of 'Tyaga' and imbibed
the ideal of renunciation for self-realisation
and became determined to work ceaselessly
for the benefit of the country and its toiling
Subhas Chandra Bose, being a
Secularist, had an attitude of impartiality
towards all religions. According to him, the
Government of Free India must have an
absolutely neutral and impartial attitude
towards all religions and leave it to the choice
of every individual to profess or follow a
particular religion of his faith; Religion is a
private affair, it cannot be made an affair of
the State.
It was the shrewd and subtle diplomacy
of the British that the communal problems in
dependent India assumed such a dangerous
proportion. According to Subhas Chandra
Bose, a nation-wide freedom struggle would
result in psychological metamorphosis on
political front. Bose was of the firm opinion
that economic issues cut across communal
divisions and barriers. The problems of
poverty and unemployment, of illiteracy and
disease, of taxation and indebtedness affected
the Hindus and Muslims and other sections of
the people as a whole. That the remedy lies in
the solution of the political problem on the
establishment of a national, popular and
democratic government in which people will
have direct right to participate and indirect
right to criticise. Scientific propaganda was
prescribed by him on the above lines to combat
communalism. Shah Nawaz Khan said that, for
Subhas there were no religious or provincial
differences. Hindu, Muslim and Sikh soldiers
in the Indian National...

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