This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Stylistics Essay

2515 words - 11 pages

Functional Styles of the English Language

Functional styles (FS) are the subsystems of language, each subsystem having its own peculiar features in what concern vocabulary means, syntactical constructions, and even phonetics. The appearance and existence of FS is connected with the specific conditions of communication in different spheres of human life. FS differ not only by the possibility or impossibility of using some elements but also due to the frequency of their usage. For example, some terms can appear in the colloquial style but the possibility of its appearance is quite different form the possibility to meet it in an example of scientific style.
The classification ...view middle of the document...

Thus, for example in the 17th century it was considered that not all words can be used in poetry, and that a separate poetic style exists. Later, in the 19th century romanticism rejected the norms of poetic style and introduced new vocabulary to poetry. The development of each style is predetermined by the changes in the norms of standard English. It is also greatly influenced by changing social conditions, the progress of science and the development of cultural life.

Every functional style of language is marked by a specific use of language means, thus establishing its own norms which, however, are subordinated to the norm-invariant and which do not violate the general notion of the literary norm. The writers of the given period in the development of the literary language contribute greatly to establishing the system of norms of their period. It is worth noting that the investigations of language norms at a given period are to great extent maintained on works of men of letters. Selection, or deliberate choice of language, and the ways the chosen elements are treated are the main distinctive features of individual style.
Individual style is a unique combination of language units, expressive means and stylistic devices peculiar to a given writer, which makes that writer's works or even utterances easily recognizable. (Galperin, p.17) Naturally, the individual style of a writer will never be entirely independent of the literary norms and canons of the given period. But the adaptations of these canons will always be peculiar and therefore distinguishable. Individual style is based on a thorough knowledge of the contemporary language and allows certain justifiable deviations from the rigorous norms. Individual style requires to be studied in a course of stylistics in so far as it makes use of the potentialities of language means, whatever the characters of these potentialities may be.
All men of letters have a peculiar individual manner of using language means to achieve the effect they desire. Writers choose language means deliberately. This process should be distinguished from language peculiarities which appear in everyday speech of this or that particular individual (idiolect).


The term “neutral style” is used mostly to denote the background for realizing stylistic peculiarities of stylistically colored elements. Neutral style is characterized by the absence of stylistic coloring and by the possibility to be used in any communicative situation. This style is deliberately simplified.
If neutral style serves any situation of communication colloquial style serves situations of spontaneous everyday communication (casual, non-formal). Bookish style corresponds to public speech (non-casual, formal). This division does not coincide with the division into spoken and written language because colloquial style can be used in fiction,...

Other Papers Like Stylistics

Discourse Analysis

1367 words - 6 pages Discourse (L. discursus, "running to and from") means either "written or spoken communication or debate" or "a formal discussion of debate. Discourse encompasses the use of spoken, written and signed language and multimodal/multimedia forms of communication, and is not restricted to 'non-fictional' (eg. stylistics) nor verbal (eg. gesture and visual) materials. Although early linguistic approaches judged the unit of discourse to be larger than

Narrative Text Essay

1713 words - 7 pages examples of stylistics , epithets, metaphors, comparisons, similes, hyperboles, ect. The text of the text, I wouldn’t say that it was very well organized, and the quality of the stylistic devices is rather poor. In conclusion, I don’t have much to say about the text, except for the fact that, it wasn’t that rich in stylistic devices as you would find in some famous authors books, so this text obviously had no literal success, its just an text

The Doll's House

3700 words - 15 pages , R. 1985. Linguistics, Language, and Verbal Art. Victoria: Deakin University. Haynes, J. 1988. Introducing Stylistics. London: Unwin Hyman. Leech, G.N. and Michael H. Short. 1981. Style in Fiction. London: Longman Martin, J.R., C.M.I.M. Matthiessen &C. Painter. 1997. Working with Functional Grammar. London: Arnold. Toolan, M (ed.). 1992. Language, Text, and Context: Essays in Stylistics. London: Routledge.

Structure of the English Vocabulary

2208 words - 9 pages | |languages of learning, science, and culture. Not only the vocabulary was under their influence, but also the grammar system (single negation), | |and stylistics. | Minor Influences Dutch The contact with the Dutch language was mediated by the political, commercial, and cultural contacts; thus the main spheres

The Use Of Deconstruction In Public Policy Formation

4072 words - 17 pages dialectical logic of problem solving with a poetic stylistics of echo, rhyme, rhythm, pun, paradox. At the same time that he employs this rhetoric of "voice" in his rereading of the history of a canonical phrase found in Aristotle ("O my friend, there are no friends"), to show that the difference between the two versions hinges upon the translation of one letter, an omega, Derrida also warns of the dangers of language as a criterion of belonging

Hemingway the Analasys of the " a Old Man in Another Country"

5754 words - 24 pages . 416 p. 3. Postolovskaya N.A. Interpretation through self-access = didactic material for self-study [Text]: the manual; Ural. state PED. Univ - Ekaterinburg 2010 - 28 p. 4. Razinkina IM Stylistics scientific text - Moscow: Librokom, 2009, 218 p. 5. Tsaturova A., I. Kashirina Translation and text analysis. English - Moscow: Prospect, 2008, 304 p. 6. Methodological foundations of analysis of English text– access code

Freedom And Responsibility

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Holidays In Albania

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are

A Heart Of Darkness

1748 words - 7 pages In this short story, there are frequent significant subject and ideas that make the story, "A Heart of Darkness," by Joseph Conrad, and haunting novel. The main theme is absolute white power over the natives. The theme validates the corruption, and the dependence caused by the white people as they took over the Congo. White men were giving all the power; they had no self-control, and in the end they did not use wisely. The white men became

Related Essays

Outstanding Db Essay

1045 words - 5 pages Rubric provided for the Discussion Board Forums. When grading your submission, I will use this rubric to determine your grade. You will want to refer to this rubric as you write the discussion board response. Note that there are five areas: Critical Thinking, Connections, Uniqueness, Timeliness and Stylistics. The feedback noted on this sample rubric indicates the following: This student exhibited great critical thinking skills. He or she

Management Essay

1081 words - 5 pages Stylistics: Avoiding Bias APA Stylistics: Basics APA Headings and Seriation APA PowerPoint Slide Presentation APA Sample Paper APA Tables and Figures 1 APA Tables and Figures 2 APA Abbreviations Statistics in APA APA Classroom Poster APA Changes 6th Edition OWL Mail APA FAQs Giving to the OWL Suggested Resources -MLA Guide -APA Guide -How to Navigate the New

English Literature Essay

1046 words - 5 pages far Stylistics can relate to language teaching/learning ? 4. Discuss the role of context in language learning. Illustrate with examples from the English language. 5. Explain the cognitive view language learning. Elective – II European Literature from Classical Age to the 20th Century 3. Euripides is often called an ironist because he structures his plot in an unusual way. Find an instance or two where the choices he makes seem contrary to

The Worm In The Apple Essay

720 words - 3 pages makes the story emotional and intense. Cheever creates the increase of tension by long sentences (he was at the communion rail, the fifty yard line). Many of them are 4-5 lines. But for slatting the problem the author uses simple short rhetorical questions. There aren't many stylistics devices in the text and the title of the story is maybe, the main one. It's metaphorical and surely states the theme. The messages are blurred, because the questions