Student’s academic performance occupies a very important place in education as well as in the learning process. It is considered as a key criterion to judge one’s total potentialities and capacities (Nuthana & Yenagi, 2009) which are frequently measured by the examination results. It is used to pass judgment on the quality of education offered by academic institutions. In fact, it is still the most topical debate in higher learning institutions that caused great concern to educators and researchers due to the alarming examination performance of students.
In the report of the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) on performance of graduates in the different licensure and board examinations, ...view middle of the document...
These statistics were based on the results of licensure examinations for 45 groups of professionals. Among the lowest number of passing rates were posted by: elementary teachers (15.4 percent); secondary teachers (23.3 percent); electronics engineers (23.5 percent); and registered electrical engineers (31.9 percent) (Philippine Education_Sector Assessment Project, 2011). What explains these performance discrepancies? Multiple reports indicate that academic success cannot be predicted by a single variable. It is dependent upon many factors; both cognitive and non-cognitive.
Numerous studies have been carried out which focused on cognitive factors as predictors of academic success. Recently, there has been a growing interest on the non-cognitive factors. A number of researchers have examined the role of non-cognitive variables such as study skills (Fazal, S. et.al, 2012; Awang, G & Sinnadurai, S.K., 2011; Demir et. al, 2012; Hassanbeigi et.al, 2011), study motivation (Tella, A., 2007; Nonis and Hudson, 2008), study behavior (Yang Yang, 2011; Otto, 1978), study habits (Crede and Kuncel, 2008; Nuthana & Yenagi, 2009; Nouhi et.al, 2008; Bashir et. al, 2012; Boehler, 2001; Kurshid, 2012; Mutsotso et. al, 2010), and attitudes (Sarwar et.al, 2010 and Yu, 2011) on academic achievement. Some argued that these factors have strong relationship with academic performance of students while others concluded that it was the combination of the different factors that could explain students’ academic performance.
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