Understand the circumstances that led to the Louisiana Purchase
The circumstances that led to the Louisiana Purchase were the transcontinental railroad that would connect Atlantic to the Pacific that allowed settlers a faster and safer way to California and the West. It led to the now famous Lois and Clark Expedition to the Pacific Ocean. We championed westward expansion and exploration which doubled the size of the landscape. He fanned fundamental disagreement about the spread of slavery to the western territories. Jefferson learned that Spain had transferred title to the entire region to France. Congressmen urged Jefferson to prepare for war against France. When he heard that Napoleon ...view middle of the document...
Know the “Five Civilized Tribes
The “Five Civilized Tribes” was the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. They were considered civilized by Anglo-European settlers during the colonial and early federal period because they adopted many of the colonists' customs and had generally good relations with their neighbors. These tribes had adopted many of the colonists' customs and generally, had good relations with the white settlers.
Understand the effects of adding Missouri to the Union
House speaker Henry Clay made a compromise that Maine, carved out of Massachusetts, would come in free, while Missouri would be a slave state. North of Louisiana Territory, slavery was prohibited. The House of Representative elected Adams who pursued protective tariffs, a national bank and internal improvements which was opposed. Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state unless Congress blocked it. Missouri was the first state, other than Louisiana, to be carved out of the Louisiana Purchase, and resolving the status of slavery there would have implications for the rest of the trans-Mississippi West. In February 1820, this it voted to couple the admission of Missouri as a slave state with the admission of Maine as a free state.
Know the Monroe Doctrine
John Quincy Adams was the Secretary of State and created the doctrine which successful ended the border disputes in Florida, culminating the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819. Jackson occupied most of Florida in 1818 and Spain finally agreed to cede it to the U.S. in 1819. Adams managed to swing Monroe and the cabinet around to his viewpoint. In his annual message to Congress on December 2, 1823, Monroe included a far-reaching statement on foreign policy that was actually written mainly by Adams, who did become president in 1824. What came to be known as the Monroe Doctrine solemnly declared that the United States opposed further colonization in the Americas or any effort by European nations to extend their political systems outside their own hemisphere. In return, the United States pledged not to involve itself in the internal affairs of Europe or to take part in European wars. The statement envisioned a North and South America composed entirely of independent states—with the United States preeminent among them
Know what the Trail of Tears was
Jackson pushed for the removal of the Indians of the Southeast to the Indian Territory (modern Oklahoma) to be removed from the expanding cotton kingdom. Against Supreme Court he undertook it. The Cherokee nation marched thousands of miles with U.S. military from Georgia to Oklahoma. Almost 4,000 of the 16,000 Cherokees died. Over the next 60 years, Indians were relocated under the order of the American president. Cherokee Indians, carrying their few possessions, are prodded along by U.S. soldiers on the Trail of Tears. Thousands of Native Americans died on the ruthless forced march from their homelands in the East to the new Indian...