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Student Essay

4676 words - 19 pages

Table of Contents
I. The main facts about the UE and its citizen 2
II. Motivation to have an EU. 3
III. Diversity in EU: a weakness? 4
1. The premises: coordination between states. 4
2. The premises: The Council of Europe. 4
3. The need for a United Europe. 4
4. Which Europe? 5
IV. The European Political Community. 5
5. More info 5
V. The main theories about European construction 5
6. European Economic Community (EEC) 1958-1985 6
7. The customs union 6
8. Policy coordination & harmonization 6
9. Common policies: 3 areas. 6
10. Permanent, single institutions are created 7
11. European social policy & investments 7
12. Surveillance of ...view middle of the document...

Acquis communautaire: 35 chapters....
From the very important (protection of human dignity, freedom of expression, non discrimination, ban on torture...)
to the trivial (labelling of fruits & vegetables that do not fit standards; use of swedes vs turnips in Cornish pastries; water vs dehydration...)

The EU citizenship
Every national of a Member State has automatically the EU citizenship (complement to his/her own citizenship)
Freedom of movement, abolition of internal border controls (Schengen)
Right to vote in another member state in European municipal elections

Improvements in democratic checks on EU institutions with the rights to
access EU institutions petition the European
file a complaint with the European Ombudsman
refer to the Court of Justice of the EU

Social rights of EU citizens
Access to state-run healthcare services anywhere in the EU (European Health Insurance Card)
Common rules for social security rights inside the EU (place of work; non-discrimination)
When claiming a benefit previous periods of work (the years of work insurance) in another country are counted

Mutual recognition of most diplomas and exchange of students & professors
Erasmus: exchange program, tertiary education

Motivation to have an EU.

1. Social Rights in EU:

* Healthcare
* Social security rights
* Claiming hours of work in another country

2. Tiny weights of the EU:

* As a Union, European union weights much more than each European country alone on the world GDP percentage.
* EU has a very tiny percentage of the world population.

3. Export share including intra-EU trade:

* EU countries trade/export a lot between them.
* Germany export 46% of their GDP. (very high), 8% of the world.
* China export 23% of their GDP. 66% of the world.
* USA export among to 14% of their GDP. 14% of the world.
* Intra-EU export represent 20% of the world export.

Diversity in EU: a weakness?

1. Disproportionality between European countries.
* France, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherland.

2. Spoken languages
* Germanic, Romance, Slavic…

3. Diversity of income between EU countries.

The premises: coordination between states.

Post world war II
* 1948: OEEC
* Marshall plan

The premises: The Council of Europe.

1. 5 May 1949: treaty of London.
2. Founding members: FR UK Benelux, IT Denmark Ireland Norway Switzerland (now 47 countries).
3. European Conventions of Human Rights.

The need for a United Europe.

1. The reason of the European economic community was created to avoid a war between GER and FR.
2. To have weight on the intl. scene.

Which Europe?

Association between sovereign nation or a political federation?

* Monnet:
* Objective
* Method: neo-functionalism and gradualism.

Schuman’s declaration 9 may 1950.
* 18 April 1951,...

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