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Student Essay

1558 words - 7 pages

UGANDA MARTYRS UNIVERSITY

NAME: EKOTOI NICHOLAS FRANCO

FACULTY: HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT: SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND COUNSELLING

COURSE UNIT: SOCIAL POLICY AND PLANNING

LECTURER: Ms. NAKAZIBWE FAUSTINE

REGISTRATION NUMBER: 2011-B091-20051

YEAR THREE, 2ND SEMESTER 2014/ 2015

COURSEWORK:

Discuss any contemporary social problems that you know in Uganda and highlight specific policy issues in the related policy.

According to Kendall, D. (2007) a social problem is a social condition (such as poverty) or a pattern of behavior (such as drug abuse) that harms some individuals or all people in a society and that a sufficient number of people believe warrants ...view middle of the document...

According to the report, drug use continues to exact a significant toll, with valuable human lives and productive years of many persons being lost. An estimated 183,000 drug-related deaths were reported in 2012. Drugs that are trafficked through Uganda include heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and ephedrine which are synthetic. On June 30, 2014, Uganda Police Anti-Narcotics squad destroyed 159.68kgs of assorted drugs that included 91kgs of cocaine, 9kgs of heroin, 41kgs of methamphetamines and 16kgs of ephedrine with an estimated street value of Shs101 billion. The drugs had been confiscated from drug traffickers over a two-year period. The destruction of the drugs was on addition to taking to court 53 drug traffickers the police had arrested in the course of its battle over drugs in the last two years.
A just released UN report says cannabis (opium) is widely consumed in Uganda, mainly by street and school youth, as well as by policemen, soldiers and night guards. It is estimated that 55% cent of sedatives users, 30% of synthetic narcotic analgesic users, and 20% of opiate users are women. The Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Dr Steven Kagoda, says most culprits involved with drugs are mainly youth although users can be between 10 and 60 years of age.
Assistant Commissioner of police (ACP) Fred Enanga, says Uganda has become a big conduit for drug traffickers because the current law is weak. He adds that the current law sentences a drug trafficker to one year or a fine of Shs One million or both and these are very light punishments to drug traffickers, who see it as very easy to serve one year in jail or pay a fine of Shs one million and go scot free.
Legislators in the past have also been investigated by police on drugs. For example, In 2012 former Bubulo West MP Tony Kipoi was remanded at Luzira Maximum Security Prison over, among other offences, trafficking in narcotics. In the same year, then Butaleja MP Cerinah Nebanda passed on mysteriously and investigations centred on recreational drugs.
Although most Ugandans know that mirah (khart), Shisha, and Kuba are dangerous drugs, the law is silent on them and the authorities cannot prosecute people for consuming them. An Anti-narcotics Bill was drafted in 2005 but, nine years later, it was still gathering dust in a parliament committee. It was tabled in 2007, not until November 20, 2014 when parliament passed the Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances (Control) Bill, also known as the Narcotics law. This law has not yet been implemented and security sources in 2014 were reported to have suspected that the known drug cells leaders could have been behind the delay of the Anti-Narcotics Bill.
According to Harrison (2008), Drug abuse is the over indulgence in and dependence on drug or other chemical leading to effects that are detrimental to the individual’s physical and mental health, or the welfare of others. Drug abuse is therefore one social problem that has been observed...

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