This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Structure Of The English Vocabulary Essay

2208 words - 9 pages

THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY

English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England.Following the economic, political, military, scientific, cultural, and colonial influence of Great Britain and the United Kingdom from the 18th century, via the British Empire, and of the United States since the mid-20th century, it has been widely dispersed around the world, become the leading language of international discourse, and has acquired use as lingua franca in many regions. It is widely learned as a second language and used as an official language of the European Union and many Commonwealth countries, as well as in many world organizations. It is the third most ...view middle of the document...

Merriam Webster online dictionary provides the following definitions of vocabulary :
1.a list or collection of words or of words and phrases usually alphabetically arranged and explained or defined : lexicon

2 a : a sum or stock of words employed by a language, group, individual, or work or in a field of knowledge
b : a list or collection of terms or codes available for use (as in an indexing system)
3 : a supply of expressive techniques or devices (as of an art form) [5]
It includes passive vocabulary (all the words recognized and understood, although not necessarily used, by a particular person[6]) and active vocabulary (all the words used by a particular person, socioeconomic group, profession, etc.[7]).
All living languages are constantly changing and English is no exception. From the linguistic point of view, changes in pronunciation and grammar are much slower than changes in vocabulary that is constantly changing, growing and decaying.
The changes in the vocabulary of a language are due both to linguistic and extralinguistic causes. Vocabulary is a permanent subject to change, as a reaction to changes in social life of speech communities.
Dimensions of the English vocabulary
According to Lipka (2002:21) the English vocabulary has two dimensions: a temporal and a geographical one.
The temporal dimension is visible in its stratification through various influences at different times. The geographical dimension is very important and concerns the differencies between varieties of English. Considering the spread of the English language throughout the world, some linguists speak even of English vocabularies.
Among the varieties of English the most famous is the case of American and British English.
In many textbooks we can find pairs such as the following:

Am E : railroad, baggage, sidewalk, truck
BrE : railway, luggage, pavement, lorry

Structure of the English Vocabulary
Modern English has a very extensive vocabulary. A question naturally arises whether this enormous word-stock is composed of separate independent lexical units, or it should perhaps be regarded as a certain structured system made up of numerous interdependent and interrelated sub-systems or groups of words. This problem may be viewed in terms of the possible ways of classifying vocabulary items. Barbara Strang, in her book, Modern English Structure, states the following : “While grammar is the domain of systems , lexis is the domain of vast lists of formal items about which rather little generalization can be made” (1968:215). But even if from the historical point of view, the vocabulary is an accumulation of words, it is not merely a list of items. A number of important generalizations can be made.[8] Vocabulary is not simply an inventory of unconnected, isolated elements, but a lexico-semantic system of interdependent and interrelated elements. A change in one part of the system brings a change into...

Other Papers Like Structure of the English Vocabulary

The Utilization of Semantic Network Strategy in Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary Enhancement

1192 words - 5 pages based upon the existing knowledge on the certain information. Also, it gave emphasis on the roles of the categorization and structure in learning new information, wherein the categorization serves as a key concept and structure refers to as a techniques or strategies in acquiring and understanding the concept. In relation to the present study, categorization is used in enhancing reading comprehension and vocabulary by means of the structure which

The Structure Of The American Legal System

1436 words - 6 pages The Structure of the American Legal System I. The purpose of this paper is to describe the organization and structure of the American legal system by defining the roles of the federal and state governments as follows; The role of the federal government, the role of the state government, the shared roles of the federal and state government, the Supremacy Clause, and what happens when there is a direct conflict between federal and state

Structure of the Passenger Airline Market

937 words - 4 pages freight. References www.aabri.com/manuscripts/10478.pdf http://economics-files.pomona.edu/jlikens/SeniorSeminars/pandora/reports/southwest.pdf www.forbes.com www.jetblue.com/ www.nytimes.com/2010/11/21/business/21south.html?pagewanted Rothman, A., & Jasper, C. (2011). The unbearable heaviness of business class. Business Week (December 19)1. www.southwest.com/ Structure of the airline industry (n.d.). Littleton, CO: Avjobs

Wordsearch Structure and Functions of the Brain

710 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Structure and Functions of the Brain Word Search Highlight your answers in the word search below. X B L A L M D D W F L S C T P S N I O A E U G O A F P U W I R U S V A J W G O M T Z V F K D R A I T E P U E O V V H C Y R T G P B M H H Y E H M R H C P V O C G O Y C J C O R P U S C A L L O S U M I D C V T E T S U G V E N C Y P T M F A P A Y F K G R U U L H O N O R E Z H S O I L R Y V Z G E Q

Social Structure And The Environment Of Disease

1315 words - 6 pages busy becoming all that we can be, disease has been doing the same. Disease evolves to our bodies like we evolve for the environment. To best see how the dynamics of disease is affected we must see how social structure has changed the environment for disease. One of the biggest changes in human history has been the transition from hunting and gathering to an agriculture-based system. This major paradigm shift meant that man began to live closer

What ideas would I bring to the classroom to make the learning of vocabulary more interesting and rewarding?

868 words - 4 pages What ideas would I bring to the classroom to make the learning of vocabulary more interesting and rewarding? Introduction It has been acknowledged by various linguistic commentators that vocabulary plays a very important part in language acquisition. For example, in his book on the mental lexicon, Singleton states that ‘the major challenge of learning and using a language lies not in the area of broad syntactic principles but in the

An Outline of the Market Structure of the Pharmaceutical Industry

2112 words - 9 pages ECN106 Economics for Business Plymouth University ASSESSED GROUP REPORT PHARMACEUTICALS Date Submitted: February 22nd 2012 Executive summary An outline of the market structure of the pharmaceutical industry To achieve this, research was undertaken into what goods/services are produced and how the market share is split up between the firms. What follows is an analysis of how the major

The Structure Of The Nucleic Acids DNA And RNA

866 words - 4 pages A)Briefly describe the structure of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. (6)B)How do their differences in structure suit the different roles in which they play in living cells. (10)C)What is meant by the term 'the genetic code' (4)a)DNA are much the same in a number of aspects. Both are built up of large polymer chains of nucleotides. DNA is much longer than RNA (DNA-1 billion base pairs and RNA - 10,00 bases) but are both long threadlike

Describe the Structure and Organisation of the Retail Sector

2519 words - 11 pages Describe the structure and organisation of the retail sector What is retailing? Retailing is selling products or services to consumers/customers for their own use, Examples of retail stores are Primark, Next, River Island and Tesco. There are thousands and thousands of different retail stores across the country. Retailers are a vital part of the business world as they add value to products and services. The organisation – Retailing

The Valuation Effects of Long-Term Changes in Capital Structure

5473 words - 22 pages The valuation effects of long-term changes in capital structure ABSTRACT The objective of this study is to analyze and examine the changes in capital structure that do not affect the value of the firm and we have to know the relationship between the capital structure and the firm’s value. We are try to learn the changes in capital structure that do not affected the firm’s value and want to know relationship between the

History and Structure of the Travel and Tourism Sector

4624 words - 19 pages Contents |Lo 1. History And Structure Of The Travel And Tourism Sector |3 | |Lo1.1 Key Historical Developments In The Travel And Tourism Sector |3 | |1.2 Early Travel |3 | |1.3 The Egyptians

Related Essays

Etymological Analysis Of Modern English Vocabulary

555 words - 3 pages standards. Being very frequent and stylistically neutral, they may occur as dominant words in synonymic groups. They take an active part in word-formation. Moreover, their morphological structure and 2 motivation remain transparent, so that they are morphologically analysable and therefore supply the English vocabulary not only with free forms but also with bound forms, as affixes are easily perceived and separated in series of loan words

The Organizational Structure Of Walgreens Essay

1284 words - 6 pages  The Organizational Structure of Walgreens Georgeanna McLean MGT/230 December 6, 2012 Yuvonne Richmond The Organizational Structure of Walgreens “At the corner of happy and healthy” is the snappy jargon that reminds all people of one legacy and business, Walgreens. Walgreens began in 1901 and was founded by Charles R. Walgreen Sr. This super conglomerate began in the south side of Chicago and now has over 7,000 stores

The Structure Of Our Crew Essay

1253 words - 6 pages The Structure of Our Crew Have you ever been out-and-about with the guys or ever set up a ladies night with the girls? Sure, you are out with your friends, but you still compete with each other in society whether you know it or not. Guys feel that they must be the most ascendant and dominant in public. Just as Deborah Tannen states in “Sex, Lies and Conversation,” “boys groups are larger, more inclusive, and more hierarchical.” (p.82

Structure Of The Modern Society Essay

2093 words - 9 pages Components of the Doctoral Study ss Walden University Section 1: Foundation of the Study Introduction The structure of the modern society has greatly changed. For instance, in 1968, 52 % of children were raised in families in which the father was the sole bread winner; the mother was not in the workforce, while the parents were married. The 1968 statistics is different to today’s society where only 20 % of the children live in