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Stress Essay

2994 words - 12 pages

2011
Personnel Management Essay: Stress

Essay Prepared by:
K.A

Date:
16/12/2011

Table of Contents

Introduction......................................................................................................................... 2 Stress & Personnel ............................................................................................................ 2 Stress & Organizational Behaviour ................................................................................ 2 Sources of Organizational Stress ........................................................................................ 3 Causes of Stress ...view middle of the document...

....................................................................................................................... 9 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................... 10

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Discuss the effects of stress on personnel and organizational behaviour. Highlight the importance of stress management and suggest various ways to reduce stress in the workplace.

Introduction
Stress & Personnel Fincham and Rhodes (1999) define stress as “a combination of external stressors and our response or the physical or psychological strain we experience as a result”. Indeed, stress is the number one proxy killer in the world today. With heightened work pressures and increasing expectations at the workplace, employees’ stress levels take a toll on them. Stress not only has harmful effects on individuals’ mental and physical health, but also negatively affects organizational outcomes. These outcomes can impair performance and increases employee turnover. When stress contributes to feelings of diminished personal accomplishment, it inadvertently leads to deleterious effects on a company’s organisational behaviour.

Stress & Organizational Behaviour Brooks (2006) defines organizational behaviour as “the study of human behaviour in organizational contexts with a focus on individual and group processes and action”. This implies that an organisation’s performance has a strong correlation to the employees’ productivity and teamwork. Therefore when stress interferes in personal goal-setting endeavours and group decision making processes, it would act as a hindrance to the development of the organisation itself.

Taking this into consideration, this essay will be focusing on the implications of stress, assessing how it is harmful to an organisation’s progress and how good stress management practices are vital in reducing stress in the workplace.

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Sources of Organizational Stress
Causes of Stress Before analyzing the effects of stress, it is important to understand some of the sources of both personnel and organizational stress. To the individual, the cost of stress is usually in terms of health and to the organization; it is in terms of performance. Beehr and Newman (1978) define workplace stress as “conditions arising from the interaction of people and their jobs, which are characterized by changes within people that force them to deviate from their normal functioning”. In today’s society, the nature of work and the working environment is considerably different relative to earlier times, thanks to globalisation. Longer working hours and frequent changes in organizational structure and culture also contribute to greater levels of stress in employees. It is therefore essential that organizations customize a strategy to alleviate stress before their employees become casualties to workplace stress and hamper its progress. Types of Stress Cooper and Marshall (1976) identified...

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