1- Competitive Advantage
When a firm sustains profits that exceed the average for its industry, the firm is said to possess a competitive advantage over its rivals. The goal of much of business strategy is to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage.
Michael Porter identified two basic types of competitive advantage:
* cost advantage
* differentiation advantage
A competitive advantage exists when the firm is able to deliver the same benefits as competitors but at a lower cost (cost advantage), or deliver benefits that exceed those of competing products (differentiation advantage). Thus, a competitive advantage ...view middle of the document...
They track industry and
competitive trends, develop forecasting models and scenario analyses, evaluate corporate and divisional
performance, spot emerging market opportunities, identify business threats, and develop creative action
plans. Strategic planners usually serve in a support or staff role. Usually found in higher levels of
management, they typically have considerable authority for decision making in the firm. The CEO is the
most visible and critical strategic manager. Any manager who has responsibility for a unit or division,
responsibility for profit and loss outcomes, or direct authority over a major piece of the business is a
strategic manager (strategist).
Strategists differ as much as organizations themselves and these differences must be considered in the
formulation, implementation, and evaluation of strategies. Some strategists will not consider some types of
strategies because of their personal philosophies. Strategists differ in their attitudes, values, ethics,
willingness to take risks, concern for social responsibility, concern for profitability, concern for short-run
versus long-run aims and management style.
Resource : http://www.zainbooks.com
3- Mission Statement
Mission statement is the statement of the role by which an organization intends to serve it’s stakeholders. It describes why an organization is operating and thus provides a framework within which strategies are formulated. It describes what the organization does (i.e., present capabilities), who all it serves (i.e., stakeholders) and what makes an organization unique (i.e., reason for existence). A mission statement differentiates an organization from others by explaining its broad scope of activities, its products, and technologies it uses to achieve its goals and objectives. It talks about an organization’s present (i.e., “about where we are”). For instance, Microsoft’s mission is to help people and businesses throughout the world to realize their full potential. Wal-Mart’s mission is “To give ordinary folk the chance to buy the same thing as rich people.” Mission statements always exist at top level of an organization, but may also be made for various organizational levels. Chief executive plays a significant role in formulation of mission statement. Once the mission statement is formulated, it serves the organization in long run, but it may become ambiguous with organizational growth and innovations. In today’s dynamic and competitive environment, mission may need to be redefined. However, care must be taken that the redefined mission statement should have original fundamentals/components. Mission statement has three main components-a statement of mission or vision of the company, a statement of the core values that shape the acts and behaviour of the employees, and a statement of the goals and objectives.
Features of a Mission
a. Mission must be feasible and attainable. It should be possible to achieve it.