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Strane Direktne Investicije Essay

6340 words - 26 pages




Mentor Ime i prezime studenta i broj indeksa
prof.dr Dragana Kragulj Stefan Kujundžić 526/12



Dosadašnja iskustva pokazuju da su strana ulaganja igrala značajnu ulogu u strukturnim promenama proizvodnje, izvoza i načinu poslovanja u zemljama korisnicama ovih sredstava. Ovaj rad će se pored teoretskog dela koji se odnosi na strane direkne investicije uopšte, baviti stranim direktnim investicijama u Srbiji i konkretnim SDI i njihovim uticajem na sama preduzeća u koja su uložena. U ovom radu će biti opisana ulaganja u ...view middle of the document...

O investiciji 32
Šta je Fiat doneo građanima Srbije? 32
Analiza finansijskih izveštaja za period 2008-2011. 33
O investiciji 35
Šta investicija Gaspromnjeft-a znači za građane Srbije? 36
Analiza finansijskih izveštaja za period 2008-2011. 36
O investiciji 38
Šta investicija “Philip Morris”-a znači za građane Srbije? 38
Analiza finansijskih izveštaja za period 2008-2011. 38
O investiciji 34
Šta znači za građane Srbije? 34
Analiza finansijskih izveštaja za period 2008-2011. 35
O investiciji 41
Šta znači za građane Srbije? 42
Analiza finansijskih izveštaja za period 2008-2011. 42


Jedna od bitnih karakteristika svetske privrede u poslednje tri decenije je povećani obim stranih ulaganja. Direktne investicije predstavljaju glavni oblik plasmana privatnog kapitala razvijenih zemalja u zemlje u razvoju. Pod direktnim stranim investicijama se podrazumeva takav oblik ulaganja kod koga ulagač obezbeđuje pravo svojine, kontrole, i upravljanja nad firmom u koja su uložena sredstva radi ostvarivanja nekog dugoročnog ekonomskog interesa.

Poslovni ambijent u Srbiji je značajno poboljšan tokom poslednjih nekoliko godina. Srbija kao mali i visoko otvoreni ekonomski sistem ima potencijala da se fleksibilno uklapa u svetske trendove kretanja stranih direktnih investicija SDI, te se u tom pravcu prvenstveno mora posvetiti poboljšanju svog ukupnog investicionog ambijenta, realizacijom ključnih ciljeva. Međutim, akcija privlačenja stranih investicija, osim promena koje idu u pravcu liberalizacije režima priliva stranih direktnih investicija (zaštita vlasničkih prava, poreske olakšice, radno zakonodavstvo...), zahteva uporedo i promociju učinjenih pozitivnih promena. Zato je neophodno da se Srbija fokusira na definisanje ključnih poluga investicione politike, targetiranje stranih investitora kroz implementaciju fiskalnih, finansijskih i institucionalnih podsticajnih mera, kao i definisanje ključnih promotivnih aktivnosti. [1]


Sa ekonomske tačke gledišta , kretanje kapitala predstavlja najvažniji oblik međunarodnog kretanja faktora proizvodnje. Slobodan promet kapitala treba u osnovi , da usmeri kapital prema onim geografskim oblastima koje pružaju mogućnost ostvarivanje najvećeg profita i najrentabilnije proizvodnje.
Kretanje kapitala iz jedne države u drugu može se posmatrati sa različitih aspekata.
Osnovna i najvažnija podela podrazumeva dva oblika izvoza kapitala(Šema 1):
1. investicioni
2. kreditni
Investicioni kapital je kapital koji potiče od međunarodnih institucija ( Svetska banka, Evropska investiciona banka, itd) i kapital iz privatnih izvora. Po svom značaju prednost imaju privatni izvori jer je njihovo poslovanje...

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