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Stock Exchange Essay

744 words - 3 pages

History of Shanghai Stock Exchange
China Securities history can be traced back to the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, in some high-income high-risk business areas, the mode of "investment funds, joint ventures" was operated, and the contract signed between the participants, to become China's first stock prototype. Before the Opium War between Britain and China, west countries international traders not only brought the opium to China, but also brought the advanced finance model and knowledge to china. The first foreign security was issued by a foreign enterprise in 1840s. In 1872, the first Chinese stock was issued by China's first joint-stock companies and the Chinese people. Securities ...view middle of the document...

But it was ceased operations there years later in 1949 when the People’s Republic of China was found.

After the founding of People’s Republic of China, all the capitalism was strictly prohibited. Until the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee in 1978, China decided to change the foreign policy: the policy of reformation and opening. After that, China accepted lots of economic institutions of capitalism. China once again began interacting with the outside world. In the 1980s China's economic reforms and its securities markets both grew fast as China converted to a socialist economy. Trading bonds resumed trading in 1981, and corporate bonds and stocks made their debut in 1984. According to China’s special social system, before Shanghai Stock Exchange was established, government decided to separate company’s shares. The state-own shares and private shares were temporary forbidden listed and transaction, only allowed public shares listed and transaction in Stock Exchange. At that time, this regulation was reasonable and understandable, because government just started to use capitalist economic system. But after almost 10 years, the government started to consider the transaction and liquidity of the state-own shares and private shares. It’s too late for China’s security market. Now the state-own shares and private shares already...

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