This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Stem Cell Research Essay

1594 words - 7 pages

Stem Cell Research Legislation and the Related Legal Issues

LAWS 310, Legal Environment
Course Project Week 6
October 4, 2011

“In the beginning there is the stem cell; it is the origin of an organism's life. It is a single cell that can give rise to progeny that differentiate into any of the specialized cells of embryonic or adult tissues.” STEWART SELL, Stem Cells Handbook
Have you ever thought that humans would eventually see the day where we could cure the incurable? That there would be a solution to cancer, AIDS, and birth defects? A miracle among human beings is being researched and it is thanks to stem cell research. Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research (ESCR) is probably the ...view middle of the document...

(NIH, 2009) Another con involved with Stem Cell Research is that we as humans should not try to play God. Humans are made a specific way for a specific reason and by performing certain scientific research; we are controlling the way humans could be conceived in the future. However, due to this research, we could have the ability to help treat medical problems such as birth defects and cancer.
History of Stem Cell Research Legislation
Stem cell research first started in the early 1900’s due to bone marrow transplants using adult stem cells. In 1998 Dr. James Thompson of University of Wisconsin isolated cells from the inner cell mass of early embryos, and developed the first embryonic stem cell lines. Some are convinced Dr. James Thompson was the man who helped start the stem cell war. Dr. Thomson stated, “If human embryonic stem cell research does not make you at least a little bit uncomfortable, you have not thought about it enough. I thought long and hard about whether I would do it.” Eventually, Thompson did decide to move forward with the research. He would obtain the embryos from fertility clinics where they would have otherwise been destroyed because the owners did not want them anymore. This particular case is what set off a national debate that is still occurring today (Kolata, 2007). Unfortunately, Thompson’s discovery would not be funded by the National Institute of Health (NIH) like many of his other scientific projects had been covered in the past.
In 1995, Congress placed a ban on specific funding from the NIH for any involvement with human stem cell research. However, in 1999, shortly after Thompsons break through and several ethical disputes with NIH, they released draft guidelines for funding allowed only in private sectors. In 2000, the NIH released final guidelines that were officially backed up by President Clinton. Clinton allowed funding of research on cells derived from aborted human fetuses, but not from embryonic cells. Scientists were thrilled to have to opportunity to research such an amazing study and could possibly save millions of lives in the future.
Right after the eruption of stem cell research, there was a new President taking office that did not have the same beliefs as Clinton did about the issue. The issue of stem cell research became a high-profile political issue in the U.S. during the first year of President George W. Bush's term in office in 2001. Avoiding the topic of banning funding for quite some time, Bush eventually enacted a ban on federal spending on August 9, 2001, for the purpose of deriving new embryonic stem cells from fertilized embryos. He argued that performing research on embryos is destroying human life.
Throughout the years of Bush’s Presidency, there were many attempts to reinstate funding for stem cell research. In 2006, there was a request lift the ban, or at least not be as strict, the Senate passed all bills, however when the President was to sign them off, they were...

Other Papers Like Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research Paper

1392 words - 6 pages Jean-Marie Lux Biology 121 Stem Cell Research Paper September 12, 2012 Stem cell research is a relatively new field and has made huge advances in the past fifty years. The idea of stem cells was first made public by a Russian-American Scientist named Alexander Maksimov in 1908. However it was not until 1963 that two Canadian Scientists were able to actually demonstrate the existence of self-renewing cells found in the bone marrow of mice

Stem Cell Research Essay

1066 words - 5 pages | | |Finding Cures and Protecting Life | | | Finding Cures and Protecting life Stem Cell Research offers hope to millions of

Stem Cell Research 13

1788 words - 8 pages Abstract Stem Cell Research is a controversial issue that revolves around the question of when human life actually begins. Social, political, ethical and religious groups from all around the world view the answer to this question in multiple ways. This leaves the individual governments with the choice of whether to extend government funds to the research and in determining what regulations need to be enforced in an area that could potentially

Stem Cell Research Paper

1261 words - 6 pages , since the adult being treated has given consent (6). Unfortunately, the use of induced pluripotent stem cells still can result in problems. In clinical trials, embryonic stem cells have done a better job at differentiating. Induced pluripotent stem cells have a tendency to gravitate toward their original cell type (3). All types of stem cell research should be equally funded as they all have the potential to help patients suffering from hard

Stem Cell Research

1625 words - 7 pages Stem cells are a large focus of study in today's biomedical world. They are also a large focus in the world of ethics, politics and religion. It seems that for every statement praising the progress of stem cell research, there is an equally disturbing report proclaiming the lack of ethics demonstrated by such research. Stem cells have proven to have an endless possibility for medical advancement, however, at the same time, the method by which

Stem Cell Research Legislation

1461 words - 6 pages Stem Cell Research Legislation Human stem cell research is a very touchy subject. The negative attention it has drawn from the press and politicians has detoured many researchers and scientists from the field. “After the scientific and political obstacles are overcome, it is anticipated that the human stem cell research field will make a tremendous difference in conditions, such as burn traumas and diabetic foot ulcers, as well as a number of

Stem Cell Research

3164 words - 13 pages | STEM CELL RESEARCH LEGISLATION | | | Joshua Dye | 10/9/2010 | | First you have to understand what we are dealing with and the definition of what we are speaking about. Stem cells are cells found in all multi cellular organisms. They are characterized by the ability to renew themselves through mitotic cell division and differentiate into a diverse range of specialized cell types. Research in the stem cell field grew out of

Stem Cell Research - 679 words

679 words - 3 pages A Civil War on Ethics For many years scientists all over the world have been fighting an ethical battle concerning morality of stem cell research. There are various opinions surrounding stem cell research and a vast amount of evidence supporting each side of this controversy. Patrick L. Taylor of children’s hospital Boston describes human embryonic stem cells as the primary cells from which cells in the body ultimately differentiate and

Stem Cell Research - 1438 words

1438 words - 6 pages Stem Cells For as long as humans exist optimal health will continue to remain necessary for a productive life. As new medical discoveries are made each year humans become healthier, and their life expectancy increases. Stem cell research, a relatively new field, aims to improve and lengthen human life. The possibility that stem cells could cure many long term health problems makes this research beneficial to the human race. The value of stem

Stem Cell Research - 1702 words

1702 words - 7 pages you form you must first realize how stem cell research works. The definition of a stem cell is an undifferentiated cell. This means the cell has no true function. Stem cells are placed along specialized cells. Specialized cells include, but not limited to the following, skin cells, muscle cells, or any other cell that plays a specific role in the human body. In the Multiple Scleroses disease the myelin protecting the neuron is missing. When

Arguementation - Stem Cell Research

894 words - 4 pages In our current state of modern science, there is widespread controversy over the use of human embryonic stem cells. The human embryonic stem cell research is controversial because it requires the destruction of a human embryo. There is great belief that this research should be pursued because the resulting treatments that would follow could significantly improves the lives of many. The opponents of this research believe the destruction of these

Related Essays

Stem Cell Research Essay 970 Words

970 words - 4 pages Stem Cell Research Stem cell research has been happening for 30 or more years through bone marrow transplants, but has only been a major debate for about the past ten years with the first isolation of embryonic stem cells (UMichigan). According to a popular issues website the definition of stem cells is, "… contrasted with "differentiated" cells. They offer much hope for medical advancement because of their ability to grow into almost any kind

Stem Cell Research Essay 1603 Words

1603 words - 7 pages WEEK 6: Stem Cell Research Legislation Course Project Abstract Stem cell research while very important in the medical field has and continues to be a source of controversy. Over the years legislation in the United States has gone back and forth over what is deemed acceptable and ethical as it pertains to this research. Due to recent legislation the ability exists to realize the potential of this research both in the United States and

Ethical Research Stem Cell Essay

870 words - 4 pages Imagine a world without disease, or the need for transplants. Have you ever known someone who needed a new kidney, heart, or liver? How about someone with a rare blood type that desperately needed a transfusion after chemotherapy? These are all issue that could theoretically disappear through the use of stem cells. The pros of stem cell research outweigh the cons. So what exactly is a stem cell? A stem cell is a very versatile cell that

Stem Cell Research Essay 1403 Words

1403 words - 6 pages Stem Cell Research Ashford University Alicia Lanier Philosophy 200 [ June 11, 2012 ] Sundie Goulding Stem Cell Research has burst on the national political scene in the United States only within the last decade. The Stem Cells are very special types with the potential for developing into any one of the 200 or more different