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Stem Cell Research Essay

970 words - 4 pages

Stem Cell Research
Stem cell research has been happening for 30 or more years through bone marrow transplants, but has only been a major debate for about the past ten years with the first isolation of embryonic stem cells (UMichigan). According to a popular issues website the definition of stem cells is, "… contrasted with "differentiated" cells. They offer much hope for medical advancement because of their ability to grow into almost any kind of cell” (Pros and Cons…). One of the main debates is between stem cell research and religious views. Some religions such as branches Christianity believe that obtaining and using embryonic stem cells is a sin and should not be used for research or ...view middle of the document...

Obtaining these cells typically results in the destruction of the prenatal. The direct and voluntary killing of a prenatal is always a serious sin against God because prenatal life is developing human life” (Against Embryonic …). To many Christians, destroying those embryos not used during in vitro is the same as aborting a fetus and that couples should either only fertilize a few at a time, or implant all at once. Why are these embryos being discarded when they can be used to help someone else through a transplant or through research?
Many people don’t know that embryonic stem cells aren’t they only stem cells that can be used. Doctors and Scientists can also use adult stem cells. According to the University of Michigan, “Adult stem cells, also known as tissue-specific stem cells, are present in adults, children, newborn infants and developing fetuses” (UMichigan). Unfortunately, adult stem cells are not as useful as embryonic stems cells because adult stem cells are more limited and specialized than embryonic stem cells (UMichigan). This means that adult stem cells can only make one or two kinds of tissue. These cells are most helpful when used in the person that the stem cells were taken from because it is currently believed they have less of chance of rejection (National Institute).
Through the past research that has been done using adult stem cells we can now easily do bone marrow transplants and use adult stem cells that way. Unfortunately, because of the controversy of embryonic stem cell research, there hasn’t been much done with it thus far. Once this research begins the hope is to find new and more effective ways to treat many human ailments and help thousands of suffering people. Some of the serious problems we hope to find ways to help treat are juvenile diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, heart failure and spinal cord injuries. To yield any treatments or results bio-medical research...

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