Std's Herpes Simplex 1 And @

1030 words - 5 pages

Herpes, An Essay

The infectious disease called Herpes Simplex is caused by the transmittance of the HSV-1 virus via contact with a sufferer. Common names for the disease are: cold sores, fever blisters, oral/mouth herpes or Herpes Simplex labialis. In this essay I shall be looking at the symptoms, variant strands, diagnosis, treatment and the personal/social impact of the disease.

Infection by the Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1) is symptomized by the growth of blisters, and usually open sores in later periods of outbreaks, on the infected area, whether on the mouth, eyes, genitalia or less common areas. Once an area is contaminated by the disease, usually through contact with the ...view middle of the document...

Female patients may also complain of fluidic discharge from the region. The initial outbreak commonly last for a period of approximately 3 weeks. The recurrent outbreaks are usually much less severe. Partnered symptoms, with recurrent outbreaks, are uncommon and the virus symptomizes for a much shorter time, typically around 3 days. Oral Herpes is known to be caused by both variations of the virus but most commonly by HSV-1. Symptoms are similar to Genital Herpes and cases of Facial Herpes (lesions on the cheeks or other area of the face) have been recorded, though rarely. Primary outbreaks in children have been known to cause considerable discomfort and can sometimes spread to mucosal glands near the affected area. After the initial outbreak recurrent outbreaks tend to decrease in severity in comparison to the last. Outbreaks are broken down into two categories, the prodrome stage in which the affected area begins to tingle or itch, lymph gland may swell, and patients may complain of headaches. Full outbreaks typically occur afterwards, approximately 2 days later, but cases have been reported of no subsequent outbreak. Outbreaks tend to remain in the site of the initial infection and not spread to other areas.

Though the Herpes Simplex disease is characterized by the outbreak of lesions on infected areas it cannot solely be diagnosed by them, as other conditions can also symptomize with similar characteristics. As such suspicion of HSV-1 or 2 infections are followed by virologic tests, using samples taken from the lesions of an outbreak, which are then cultured to produce a colony of identifiable matter. This test, however, has limitations. The samples should, preferably, be taken from a newly formed blister before bursting into open sores for the most accurate results possible. Also, this test is less accurate with recurrent outbreaks as the virus may have decreased in potency, as exampled by the decrease in severity of the outbreak, to the point of not producing a viable specimen for identification when cultivated. Another test used to...

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