Spiritual Self Assessment
Azusa Pacific University
Theories/Concepts in Professional nursing
October 31, 2014
Spiritual Care: Nursing Theory, Research and Practice illustrate useful highlights on a number of features of spiritual care giving. The book is subdivided into three key areas that reflect on documentation, planning care, ethical worries rising from sharing one's spiritual beliefs, spiritual assessment and various methods used to nurture the spirit. Nurses are expected to avail holistic care to their patients. This aids in meeting ...view middle of the document...
My touch communicates support, care, competence and nurture.
One aspect of daily nursing care involves meeting the patient's spiritual needs. However, most nurses are not comfortable with performing a spiritual assessment. It is difficult particularly when a patient fails to present clues to their spiritual preference or in cases where their spiritual beliefs are unfamiliar to the nurse. Assessment is crucial as it provides data for planning nursing care. An assessment is conducted using questions or a framework for instance FICA, an acronym for faith, importance of spirituality, individuals’ spiritual community and interventions used to address spiritual needs. Questions are derived from the assessment areas and are easily tailored to a patient's cultural background or cognitive development. The questions can be answered by the patients or by the nurse's observations of the patients. During assessment, the nurse should use alternate words instead of words that are equated with Christian connotation or spirituality for instance the Bible. Timing is also crucial during spiritual assessment. Another key aspect in assessing spirituality is the patient's rapport with the nurse. For instance, an empathetic and caring nurse is more likely to maintain and develop trust and a holistic rapport with the patient. The personal qualities of a nurse therefore come in handy as he or she has to be careful and polite during the assessment. At times the questions may be changed due to attitudes or sensitivity to some issues.
Spirituality is an important aspect of a person's wholeness. Spiritual care is defined as an approach that integrates all aspects of mankind. Spiritual nursing care involves meeting people at the point of their deepest need. It includes activities that ensure a healthy balance between the spiritual aspects and bio-psychosocial aspects of a person in promoting a person's well being and wholeness (Taylor, 2002). It entails not just 'doing to’ but 'with them'. It draws attention to one's personal qualities; attitudes and behaviors for instance how we are with people.
Religion and spirituality are positive factors that influence health. Religion is an expression of spirituality and often serves as a bridge in experiencing one's spirituality. According to Taylor, spirituality positively influences one's ability to find purpose and meaning in life, prevent illnesses, ability to cope with illness and spiritual questions. Patients benefit from nursing care that includes spiritual care interventions. A spiritual assessment reveals an opportunity to enhance one's...