Running Head: SPECIAL POPULATIONS
High School Counseling
Adolescence is a period of dramatic and revolutionary change. In western cultures it is the time of life, either most reviled, depicted as posing the greatest threat to the established order of things, or most celebrated and romanticized, in particular within the sphere of popular culture, for its creative and challenging energies. At its onset, adolescence can be seen as the beginning of the end of childhood and as such is a time of mourning for the loss of the relative dependency and security of childhood, ...view middle of the document...
This is a critical time in their lives; they are forming many tendencies, which will carry through their remaining years. Task groups would ideally promote the accomplishment of group tasks and goals, such as curriculum development, developing individual, educational, or social learning plans. Strategies that would address problems of living that occur in the lives of the students would be counseling groups. Psycho-educational groups would consist of promoting typical growth or preventing difficulties in personal/social, academic, and career development. Being that these groups are held in school, they are time-limited therefore they would be structured. Typically, the structured group is a closed group. Groups would be scheduled for a certain number of sessions and would focus on a single topic. Being a structured and closed group, the composition per group would be determined by the school and the school setting. Number of sessions can range, although stay around six to eight. Scheduling can become challenging with out the appropriate organization among the faculty and students. Some elements affecting this are the schedule of the school day, the students’ schedule, and the attention span of the students in the group.
High school is a turbulent time; students participating in a counseling group may be apprehensive. Issues, challenges, experiences and concerns are so diverse and vary that for them to find a common ground with another student can at times come as a shock to them. Often high schools have such a large population, that some students are unaware that they are not alone in problems they share. Holding small group sessions could lift much of the burden they are carrying in that case, allowing them to find a resolve to their need/problem. Going through the process of creating and hosting the groups is lengthy, but worth it. Part of the process is to screen and evaluate each student’s need and issue, creating homogeneous groups. Since adolescences is a sensitive time, keeping groups homogeneous is imperative. In any type of group, when participants share the same or similar need or problem, their cohesiveness develops quicker. This is certain for adolescents. However, the characteristics of the individuals should remain heterogeneous, after all, in high school several students of various backgrounds experience similar issues.
Since the environment among a school is not that of a clinic or an outside counseling practice, certain planning needs to occur while forming groups. Rather than client’s willingly signing up or seeking out a group, a survey would be completed by faculty and staff to identify potential group members. Students would also participate in the survey process, giving perception of their needs. These surveys would be a form of data collection necessary in addressing needs that could otherwise be unknown. Following this, a meeting with potential group members would take place individually. The students would be...