This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Special Education: Should Restraints Or Seclusion Be Applied On Individuals With Disabilities

1091 words - 5 pages

Under the Steering Committee on the Enabling Masterplan, the Ministry of Education (MOE) has been recommended to hold the ownership and leadership of special education. (Poon, Shobana, & Wettasinghe, 2013) Enabling Masterplan 2012-2016 seeks to build an inclusive Singapore where every person with disability can maximize his potential and is embraced as an integral member of our society. This initiative builds on the Enabling Masterplan 2007-2011, where the government feels that there was some progress, but more could still be done in enabling people with disabilities to be equal and integral member of our society (Enabling Masterplan Handbook, 2012). Through the 3P namely People, Public, ...view middle of the document...

Over the years, special education in Singapore has gradually become an integral part of education, providing these children with educators that are trained in the specific areas, better student to teacher ratios in the form of smaller class sizes, presence of teacher aides in classroom, trained therapists in related services, and professional trainings to help teachers and aides that can better served these children.
In 1950s, many personnel had reported the use of physical restraint with children in clinical settings, but in recent years, restraints and seclusion had become more commonly used in schools, particularly with students with emotional, and behavioral disorders (Ryan, & Peterson, 2004). Report had indicated that many personnel used seclusion and restraint as disciplinary tactics, rather than as emergency safety measures and personnel used these practices disproportionately on children with disabilities (Freeman, 2013). Professionally, restraint is defined as any physical method of restricting an individual’s freedom of movement, physical activity, or normal access to his or her body (International Society of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nurses, 1999; Mohr, LeBel, O’Halloran, & Preustch, 2010; Freeman 2013). The term can sometimes be classified into various types of restraint procedures such as mechanical, physical, and chemical (The Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders, 2009). Mechanical restraint entails the use of any device or object that restricts a person’s body movement to prevent or manage out-of-control behavior (Mechanical Restraint: Chief Psychiatrist’s Guideline, 2006; Freeman 2013; Ryan, & Peterson, 2004). Physical restraint involves one or more people using their bodies to restrict another individual’s body movement as a means for reestablishing behavioral control and establishing, and maintaining safety for the person who is out-of control (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2000). Lastly, chemical restraint includes the use of medication to control behavior, usually used only in institutional or hospital programs which has only resulted in the past 40 to 50 years as a result of developments in psychotropic medications (Ryan, & Peterson, 2004). On the other hand, seclusion is considered as an involuntary confinement of a person in a room or area from which a person is physically prevented from leaving (Mohr et al, 2010).
Physical restraint and seclusion are known measures for their traditional interventions to handle individuals with disabilities (Colazzi, 2005). These measures are used in numerous...

Other Papers Like Special Education: Should Restraints Or Seclusion Be Applied On Individuals With Disabilities

China's One Child Policy Should Be Applied In The Phiippines

847 words - 4 pages situation in general, it was highly unlikely that the UNFPA’s claims about its current program are accurate. We now have documentation, from on the ground in China, that its claims are completely false. I leave it to the following witness to lay out the details of the coercion, forced abortions, and forced sterilizations which she has documented in a region of China which the UNFPA has claimed is free of such abuses. It’s my recommendation to the Congress that, because of UNFPA’s continued involvement in China's coercive one-child policy, and no less because of its sheer duplicity about this involvement, no US funds should be appropriated for its support.

Should Higher Education Be Free? Essay

2814 words - 12 pages from poor backgrounds did not pay. The maintenance grant were abolished and replaced by a loan. In the year 2006/7 a variable tuition fee of £3,000 was introduced, loans were extended to cover fees and grants were restored. (Barr and Crawford, 2005) In the following essay arguments will be presented on why education should not be free to the students with the relevant economic theories presented and analysed. The essay will conclude with how the

Compulsory Education Should Be Eliminated

1723 words - 7 pages . Until public schools can find a way to ensure the physical and emotional safety of all students, it should not be compulsory to attend them. Many famous people did not complete a traditional education. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Adlai Stevenson, Will Rogers, Henry Ford, Thomas Edison, and Albert Einstein were all very successful individuals who did not complete secondary education. Samuel Clemens quit school at the age of eleven but went on to be

Should Sex Education Be Increased in School

691 words - 3 pages Should sex education be increased in school The times are totally different to the previous times. People in the global are living in information explosion world. The abundant information is easily available. Of course, the sources of sex knowledge are also at the fingertips. Any forms of resources relating to sex are displayed online, and people can access to those without difficulty. Hence, some people argue that why school should increase

Should Social Network Be Banned or Not

747 words - 3 pages Ning Xi Jan.13.2011 GADVI/A Should Social Network Be Banned or Not With the social network being more and more popular among young people, some researches were conducted to find out its importance and influence to the users. For instance, a university in Pennsylvania is trying to block social network like Facebook, Twitter on the campus, which resulted in many controversy (Gonzalez, 2010). So should other universities like UD do

Should Judges Be Elected or Appointed?

2292 words - 10 pages of the current elective system are fighting to keep the public directly involved in choosing the judges. Opponents of this method have proposed that judges are selected by a merit plan, in which a commission nominates candidates and presents a list of executive appointments. The american legal system depends on the use of judges. With the storm of controversy raging about weather judges should be elected or appointed, the future of our

Drugs Should Be Legalised. Yes or No?

570 words - 3 pages „Drugs should be legalised“ I, like the vast majority of people, disagree with proposition that drugs should be legalised. Accepting this act would be the same like taking money from people for killing them. We don‘t need legalisation, we need to fight against it, try to save people who are standing on the edge of a precipice, not to push them from it. Of course, there are many people who would agree with this proposition, but most of them

Should Euthanasia Be Legalised Or Not?

1212 words - 5 pages Should euthanasia be legalised or not? Euthanasia may be defined as bringing about the death of another person with that person's consent There is no straightforward answer to the question of whether euthanasia should be legalised or not. In this essay l will therefore first ofall consider the arguments against legalisation and then the reasons in favour. I shall conclude by arguing that euthanasia should be legal, but only under certain

In a Business Environment, Why Should People Be Moral as Individuals?

1504 words - 7 pages everyone and how this can impact their lives as well. The person who makes the finally decision will never know the affects it can have on other people lives, because they are acting immorally. There are so many repercussions this type of action can cause. The business and government should be conscious of what they are doing and act more morally correct. Listen to the people who work or live in the area that will be affect by the finally decision and put some of their concerns on the table as well.

Should People on Welfare Be Drug Tested

1905 words - 8 pages test to be employed and pays taxes, people receiving these programs or benefits should have to pass them to receive them. Unfortunately drug testing is not always right. With any test there are reasons that the results are not always correct. Drug testing is not always fool proof, it is inconsistent and false positives are common. It is apparent mistakes can be made and that many determining factors must be considered based on each individual

Smoking Should Not Be Allowed on Campuses

771 words - 4 pages pay more tuitions, as well. The more significant reason why I disagree with people smoking on campuses is that students like to imitate others behaviors, even negative behavior. Because many students don’t like to be unique in the groups, they start to copy the conduct of other students. For example, if the freshmen see a lot of students smoke on the campus, what should they do next? Well, some students start to smoke in order to be the same as

Related Essays

The Effects Of Seclusion And Restraints On The Treatment Outcomes Of Patients In Mental Health Ward

2196 words - 9 pages interventions. Risks and managements The practices of using seclusions and restraints have been heavily scrutinized during the past decade because of the physical and psychological risks associated to them, such as: death, acute trauma, disabling physical injuries (Brown, 2012). On the other hand, it was identified during the assessment that the probable legal risks which are linked with application of seclusion and restraints should be

Should Hate Crimes Be Handled With Special Consideration?

1480 words - 6 pages prejudice; they have been unable to agree on a single definition. One point of consensus is that there are many kinds of prejudice. An individual can be prejudiced in favor of something such as his or her religion or prejudiced against something such as someone else's religion. We all have prejudices for and against individuals, groups, foods, countries, weather, and so forth. Sometimes these prejudices come from experience, sometimes in fantasy and

Working With Special Education Students Essay

542 words - 3 pages students with disabilities before and found it to be extremely rewarding. I think my rating here was low because, on occasion I have been frustrated with myself for not knowing how to meet their needs. To improve my rating in this area, I would like to work more closely with a special education teacher to learn more strategies that will be successful in meeting the needs of the students. Another strategy that could decrease the lack of frustration

Should Mandatory Regulation Be Applied In The Financial Sector

3175 words - 13 pages Executive Summary: On July the 4th, 1776, in the unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, Thomas Jefferson expressed how “all men are created equal” (The Declaration of Independence, 1776, [Online]). Although the circumstance in which it arose differed considerably, when coupled with the current financial crisis and its revelations of unethical practices, it is filled with irony. It is in this context that the report