Spanish Conquest Of The Aztecs Essay

878 words - 4 pages

Why Was Such A Small Force Able To Conquer A Mighty Empire?

The story of the conquest of the Aztec Empire by a small band of Spanish conquistadors and their Indian allies is one of the most famous episodes from history. The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs in 1521, led by Hernando Cortes, was a landmark victory for the European settlers. The campaign had started in February 1519 with the Spanish army of just a mere 600 men. Following the Spanish arrival in Mexico, a huge battle erupted between the army of Cortes and the Aztec people under the rule of Montezuma. Here, we will discuss the various factors had influenced the Spanish victory over the Aztecs. We do know that there were a number ...view middle of the document...

He played the mail role in the conquest of the Aztecs. For example, Cortés was the main individual to convince the troops that came from Cuba which added to the Spanish army. Also a native woman, Dona Marina, served as a reliable interpreter between the conquistadors and the native Americans. She helped the Spaniards win the support of the natives of Tlaxcala. The Aztec Emperor at that time, Montezuma II had a major role in this too. When in prison, he continuously stopped the Aztec chief from attacking the Spanish forces.

3. Disease
Until the coming of the Europeans, the New World was free of smallpox, typhus, cholera, and measles. When Cortez came to invade Mexico, he had with him a silent ally more potent than his small Spanish army. That insidious ally was infectious disease, to which Aztecs and other Native Americans had no immunity. These diseases decimated the Native population. In 1520, Cuitahuac, the Aztec emperor at that time died from the first smallpox epidemic to hit the empire. Whereas the Spanish had gained some immunity to smallpox and plague after centuries of exposure, the Native Americans had never experienced those diseases before. Therefore, they had no immunity to them. This made it much more likely that they would catch these diseases and even more likely that these diseases would be fatal. Though the Europeans never meant to wage biological warfare on the Native Americans, the diseases the Europeans happened to bring with them to the New World killed millions.
4. Religion
The Aztecs were cannibals, whose religion revolved around human sacrifice on a huge...

Other Papers Like Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs

Colonization Of The New World Between The English And The Spanish. Which Groups ( Plymoth Or Jamestown) More Closely Resembled The Spanish Model Of Conlonization

1313 words - 6 pages In the early history of the 1600's, North America had been discovered and establishment of the New World had begun. Although Spain and England both focused on the colonization and exploration of the Americas, their ambitions and goals were very different. The most important reasons for English colonization were religious freedom, to seek refuge, and new economic opportunities. The Spanish, on the other hand, exploited the New World in

How Do the Medieval Elements of Drama Acquire Some Elizabethan Qualities in the Spanish Tragedy

1371 words - 6 pages Thomas Kyd’s The Spanish Tragedy received great popularity and stamped as a form to be imitated not only because it has revenge as a tragic motive but also because it is a imitation from medieval tragedy. This masterpiece was presented as blood - revenge where the sacred duty of the father to avenge the murder of his son - and from that sensational theme (which was also popular in classic tragic dramas) derived its polarity and uniqueness

What Was the Main Reason for Deterioration of Anglo Spanish Relations 1572-88

1030 words - 5 pages The deterioration of Anglo Spanish relations between 1572-88 was due to a handful of reasons, most notably, the Treaty of Nonsuch proved costly for the relations as Philip saw it as a clear declaration of war from Elizabeth. However, the deterioration cannot be pinpointed just on the Treaty of Nonsuch, war would not have broken out without key events such as Drake’s circumnavigation of the world in 1577-81, where Spain and England were

Assess The Significance Of Spanish Rulers’ Desire For Religious Uniformity In The Expansion Of Their Power 1474-1598

2092 words - 9 pages Assess the significance of Spanish rulers’ desire for Religious uniformity in the expansion of their power 1474-1598 The Spanish expansion of power during the era of 1474-1598 can be clearly categorised into three separate periods, with each different ruler of Spain bringing with them a diverse train of thought in regard to expansion than their predecessor. Firstly, with Ferdinand and Isabella came the union of Iberia under one household

To What Extent Does Superior Military Organistation Explain the Success of the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War?

1103 words - 5 pages To what extent does superior military organistation explain the success of the nationalists in the Spanish Civil War? military organisation ‘It was a German Mauser dated 1896 - more than forty years old! It was rusty, the bolt was stiff, the wooden barrel-guard was split’ ‘It seemed dreadful that the defenders of the Republic should be this mob of ragged children carrying worn-out rifles which they did not know how to use’ ‘In

Lingua Francasage, Exposure to English and the Pronunciation of /T/ and /D/ by Spanish Speakers in Second Language Acquisition

1587 words - 7 pages Age, Exposure to English and the Pronunciation of /t/ and /d/ by Spanish Speakers in Second Language Acquisition Mauricio Carrillo October 6, 2010 INTRODUCTION: Phonology is without a doubt the aspect of second language learning that most visibly reveals the influence of the speaker’s native language (Fromkin et al, 2006). Phonological attainment may be tied to different factors including psycho-motor constraints, e.g. as articulatory

Discuss The Establishment And Development Of The Chesapeake/Virigina Colonies From The Mid 1650s To 1763. How Did They Compare To Those In The Spanish And French Areas?

1204 words - 5 pages British still operated the system of mercantilist meaning that the colonies could only trade with Britain not the French or Spanish. This caused smuggling to happen often enough for the British government to require strict enforcement of the Molasses Act. Customs officials were frequently bribed to ignore the act, if this hadn't occurred it would have greatly affected the colonies that traded with the French, Spanish, Dutch and the West

Countries of the World and Their Capitals (in Spanish)


Cultural Contact

855 words - 4 pages which were based on human activities and elements in nature. By contrast, the Spanish were practicing Christians and believed in a single God. The Aztecs saw and observed most things from a spiritual standpoint. One such example of this was the idea that they were given signs or omens, approximately 10 years prior to the arrival of the Spanish people. The disastrous nature of these omens, such as the spontaneous burning of the temple of

Aztec Civilization

1324 words - 6 pages Aztecs also kept beehives and harvested honey. A study by Montellano[12] shows a mean life expectancy of 37 (±3) years for the population of Mesoamerica. After the Spanish conquest, some foods were outlawed, particularly amaranth because of its central role in religious rituals. There was less diversity of food which led to chronic malnutrition in the general population. Recreation As with all Mesoamerican cultures, the Aztecs played a

American Empire

602 words - 3 pages would gain the skills of the dead warrior. 2. The fact that the source comes from after the Spanish conquest does not particularly change how I approach it mainly because there is other proof of their sacrifices other than the Spanish reports. 3. A way you can tell that the person who drew the picture had never been the Americas is because the Aztecs did not have buildings that had characteristics of roman buildings! 15.3 1. One

Related Essays

The Spiritual World Of The Aztecs

580 words - 3 pages The Spiritual World of the Aztecs Religion can be described as a shared set of fundamental beliefs and practices. “The Aztec religion was a complex set of beliefs, rituals and gods that helped the Aztec/Mexica to make sense of their world, reality and death (Maestri Nicolette, 2013)”. Today, we will explore the famous Aztec world of gods, sacrifice, and magic in an attempt to better understand their culture and worldview. The

British Conquest Of The Sokoto Caliphate

771 words - 4 pages British Conquest of the Sokoto Caliphate 1903 Frederick Lugard, who assumed the position of high commissioner of the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria in 1900, often has been regarded as the model British colonial administrator. Trained as an army officer, he had served in India, Egypt, and East Africa, where he expelled Arab slave traders from Nyasaland and established the British presence in Uganda. Joining the Royal Niger Company in 1894

The Spanish Armada Of 1588 Essay

702 words - 3 pages “Lizzie v. Phil” The Spanish Armada of 1588, (and other Anglo-Spanish Conflict during the Elizabethan era). Objectives: 1. After completing this work you should understand why the Armada was sent, and why it failed to invade England. You should be in a position to understand the period better as a whole and how the period contributed towards “The Making of the United Kingdom”. 2. Because of 1., above, you should be able to do well in

Causes Of The Spanish Civil War

1679 words - 7 pages Discuss why the Civil War broke out in Spain in 1936 The Spanish Civil War started following a failed military coup d'etat, which started on the 17th of July 1936, realised by the conservative elements within Spain, against the country's Republican government. The bloodthirsty three year civil war that followed transcended the Spanish frontiers in the fact that it is often considered as a microcosm for the international conflicts between