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Spanish Class Essay

585 words - 3 pages

En el siguiente análisis podemos apreciar la comparación entre el fragmento de una obra y un afiche. El primero es un fragmento de la obra teatral La Casa de Bernarda Alba, que fue escrita en 1936 por el poeta y dramaturgo español Federico Garcia Lorca,  quien perteneció a la generación del 27 y fue una gran influencia en la literatura española del siglo XX. Esta obra cuenta la historia de Bernarda Alba que luego de enviudar por segunda vez a los 60 años decide vivir los siguientes ocho años en el más riguroso luto. La obra se sitúa en la España de principios del siglo XX, caracterizada por una sociedad tradicional muy violenta en la que el papel de la mujer es secundario. Otros rasgos destacados son el fanatismo religioso y el miedo a descubrir la intimidad. Con Bernarda viven sus cinco hijas (Angustias, ...view middle of the document...

El segundo es un afiche de Miguel Det que es un fragmento del cómic Novísima crónica i mal gobierno. Miguel Det, es un  ilustrador e historietista peruano, que adaptó a la historieta el ensayo Lima la horrible, de Sebastián Salazar Bondy en 2014 y publicó el cómic Novísima corónica i mal gobierno en 2011, versión contemporánea de la obra de Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala. El cómic Novísima crónica i mal gobierno es una aguda crítica con toques de sarcasmo de la historia política del Perú y la mentalidad de sus grupos dominantes y el reflejo de la sociedad como es el afiche del machismo.

Texto A es un fragmento del libro “La casa de Bernarda Alba”. Aquí se observa  a dos de los personajes platicando sobre las antiguas épocas en donde el machismo era algo cotidiano y normal,un ejemplo es  la relación entre Adelaida y su marido. Este la engañaba y la tiene abandonada como se muestra en esta cita de Martirio: “Ahora ni polvos se echa a la cara”. Amelia y Martirio revelan opiniones bastantes negativas con respecto a los hombres, pero ellas justifican estas críticas con experiencias que habían vivido.

El texto B es un afiche que muestra el machismo en la actualidad, toca el tema del maltrato a la mujer y la infidelidad. Muestra cómo la mujer es humillada por el hombre, además demuestra cómo pierde su orgullo y dignidad al ser maltratada y ella misma aceptarlo, justificando los actos opresores maltratadores de los que es víctima.

Los dos textos nos hablan del mismo tema el machismo, en ambos se muestra momentos en donde la mujer es víctima de abuso verbal y físico. Si bien el texto y el afiche nos muestran el mismo tema de diferentes formas, el mensaje es el mismo y nos brindan mucha información moral respecto al machismo.

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