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Spanish 101 Essay

3878 words - 16 pages

Escribir en dos idiomas
Barbara Mujica
Georgetown University
Escribo en dos idiomas porque vivo en
dos idiomas. Pienso, leo, trabajo y hago vida
social en dos idiomas. Crio a ninos en dos
idiomas, rezo en dos idiomas y cocino en
dos idiomas. Cuando hago un rosbif, coci-
no en ingles y cuando hago empanadas,
pastel de choclo o porotos granados, coci-
no en castellano. Amo y respiro en dos idio-
mas. Por lo menos, en dos.
A veces los personajes que pueblan mi
imaginacion existen en dos-o mas-idio-
mas. Chilenos que llegan a Estados Unidos
y aprenden ingles. Judios que hablan ale-
man o yidish al desembarcarse en puertos
de Hispanoamerica y aprenden a expresar-
se en ...view middle of the document...

"
Tambien dicen "etai" en vez de "estas,"
"empana" en vez de "empanada,"
"mushasho" en vez de "muchacho" y
"mujier" en vez de "mujer."
Sin embargo, seria simplificar demasia-
do decir que mis personajes hispanos ha-
blan espanol mientras los norteamericanos
hablan ingles, porque para mi, como profe-
sora y como escritora, el idioma siempre ha
sido una cuestion fascinante. Aveces escri-
bo en castellano porque oigo las voces de
mis personajes en ese idioma, pero a veces
mis personajes me hablan en castellano y
escribo el cuento en ingles. Claro que a
menudo hay consideraciones practicas,
como las exigencias de una editorial o una
antologia particular. Pero aun cuando escri-
bo un cuento para una antologia en ingles,
entremezclo palabras en castellano para
crear un ambiente chileno y establecer que
los personajes "realmente" estan hablando
otro idioma. Asi lo hago en "Gotlib, Bombe-
ro" {Two Worlds Walking, ed. Glancy and C.
W. Truesdale. Minneapolis: New Rivers,
1994}.
Sin embargo, la situacion es mucho mas
debe sorprender. Seguin el lingiiista David
Crystal, editor del Cambridge Encyclopedia,
la gran mayoria de las personas en el mun-
do son bilingiies. Aveces, en mis cuentos y
novelas, se trata de personajes que saben
s6lo una lengua, pero inevitablemente se
encuentran con otros que son monolinguies
en otra lengua, y tienen que buscar una ma-
nera de hacerse entender. Este es el mun-
do que yo conozco: un mundo de gran va-
riedad linguiistica, tan multicolor,
multilingiue y multiperspectivo como un dia-
mante de muchas caras en que se reflejan
infinitas imagenes. Es un mundo fluido: a
veces hay que aprender otro idioma para
sobrevivir y salir adelante; el que no lo hace
se aisla y queda atras. Yo hablo cinco idio-
mas. Mi esposo habla cuatro. Mis persona-
jes hablan un sinnumero de idiomas, mu-
chos mas que yo.
Al escribir una narracion, oigo las voces
de los personajes en mi cabeza. A veces
hablan castellano, casi siempre un castella-
no chileno sin las "eses." Dicen "libroh" en
vez de "libros" y "lihto" en vez de "listo."
Tambien dicen "etai" en vez de "estas,"
"empana" en vez de "empanada,"
"mushasho" en vez de "muchacho" y
"mujier" en vez de "mujer."
Sin embargo, seria simplificar demasia-
do decir que mis personajes hispanos ha-
blan espanol mientras los norteamericanos
hablan ingles, porque para mi, como profe-
sora y como escritora, el idioma siempre ha
sido una cuestion fascinante. Aveces escri-
bo en castellano porque oigo las voces de
mis personajes en ese idioma, pero a veces
mis personajes me hablan en castellano y
escribo el cuento en ingles. Claro que a
menudo hay consideraciones practicas,
como las exigencias de una editorial o una
antologia particular. Pero aun cuando escri-
bo un cuento para una antologia en ingles,
entremezclo palabras en castellano para
crear un ambiente chileno y establecer que
los personajes "realmente" estan hablando
otro idioma. Asi...

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