Soviet Union Essay

1118 words - 5 pages

Although the former Soviet Union (Russia) and the United States are on better terms in the present day, there was a point in history when they were afraid of each other. Their economic beliefs led them to disagree. The United States had an economy based upon capitalism and the Soviet Union was a nation that believed in communism. In addition, the United States invented the atomic bomb or “A-bomb” during World War II. This gave America the upper hand because the Soviets were unaware that the US had developed the A-bomb. At this time the Soviet Union was in a vulnerable state after suffering severe damage during World War I and World War II. The Soviets didn’t have the means to produce or ...view middle of the document...

Stalin, who was the Soviet’s ruler, desperately wanted to spread the idea of communism to every country and nation. He believed this goal was the only way to accomplished complete satisfaction. By the time the Soviet Union fell communism had spread to over ten nations, including: Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Poland, Hungary, Yugoslavia, North Vietnam, Yemen, Somalia, and Cambodia (Hoyt n.d.). Although it is interesting to note that when the falling of the Soviet Union occurred, the majority of the communist economic structures in other nations fell shortly after. Stalin was aiming towards the idea of Communism taking over the West region. He believed with this achievement that this region would turn into a huge military powerhouse, strong enough to overthrow any nation they so desired, including the United States (Hoyt n.d.). The US was extremely afraid of Communism taking over elsewhere. Between the Red Scare of the 1920s, the Communist witch hunts of McCarthy in the 1950s, and the Soviet Union trying to spread Communism to other countries, the fear within the citizens of America was at an all-time high.
During World War II, the United States put forth an effort to create atomic weapons that was disguised as the “Manhattan Project”. This project had various locations, including New York, for creating the atomic weapons (Fuller n.d.). Although the United States was afraid of Communism engulfing the rest of the world they did have an advantage because of this technology. During this project, they created and perfected the A-bomb, using it for the first time to end World War II, bombing two islands that belonged to Japan. The completion of this device was a major accomplishment and break through for the United States. The power of the A-bomb had the ability to take out all of Manhattan. The Soviet Union was nowhere close to the advances America had obtained when it came to atomic weapons, or so they thought. The Soviet Union had spies crawling all over the US, looking for information pertaining to America’s defense and military weapons. Inevitably the spies working for the Soviet Union eventually grabbed ahold of the blueprints used to create the bombs and weapons. With this information in hand, the Soviet Union acquired a nuclear weapon technology of their own far sooner than anyone had expected (Holmes 2009).
The Soviet Union also didn’t have the means to subject to another war had the Cold War actually turned into...

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