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Soviet Security Essay

981 words - 4 pages

How far do you agree with the view that the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8 owed more to Soviet expansionism than to Usa’s economic interests?
I do agree with the view that the development of the Cold War owed more to soviet expansionism than USA’s economic interests in the years 1945-48. All three of the sources show evidence that soviet expansionism played a huge role in the development of the Cold War. Source 7 especially emphasizes Soviet expansionism as the most important factor claiming the USSR were “seeking to expand its influence into Western Europe” causing Western Attitudes to harden. However there is evidence in the sources to support the view that the USA’s ...view middle of the document...

The view that Soviet expansionism caused American involvement is backed up by source 8 which claims American involvement in Europe with the Marshall plan was to “prevent the spread of communism into Western Europe”, by providing a stable and prosperous Western Europe. The evidence given in these sources would greatly support the view that Soviet expansionism did owe more to the development of the Cold War than the USA’s economic interests.

However there is substantial evidence in the sources to counter that argument and claim it was the USA’s economic interests, which owed more to the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8. Source 8 claims that the US wanted a war with the USSR due to the “important economic advantages” and “feared a depression after the Cold War”. Source 8 claims that the US government with pressure from the “military Industrial complex”which “portrayed the USSR as aggressive and threatening” to allow huge spending on arms. For example Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech in Fulton Missouri, 1946 and Kennan’s Long Telegram, 1946, which threatened the USSR causing a huge increase in tensions between the two nations which was hugely important in the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-48. Source 9 also supports the view that American economic interests owed more to the development of the Cold War. The source claims America’s economic might, forced the USSR into expanding into Europe to try and gain a “new defensive European barrier”. It also claims that Stalin was “suspicious and uncooperative” about the German question as he was afraid that the USA’s introduction of the new German Mark and the...

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