OVERVIEW OF SOUTH KOREA
09, JULY, 2015
This paper is an analysis of the country of South Korea. Using the operational variables of PMESII-PT this paper will identify the current situation in South Korea and the countries current issues. The overall objective is to understand the motives of South Korea.
The Republic of Korea has a liberal democratic political system. South Koreas political foundation resides in the sovereignty of the people and the responsibility to maintain every citizen’s welfare. Currently the president of South Korea is Park Geun-hye. The 11th and first female president was elected on February 25th, 2013. With ...view middle of the document...
The Koreans maintain a substantial Air force and Navy. With the constant threat of a North Korean invasion they maintain a high level of alert and strong defensive stature. (2)
The northern border is known as the DMZ (demilitarized zone) it is the most heavily armed border in the world. At 2.5 miles wide and 150-miles long the heavily mined and guarded area has served as a buffer zone since the cease fire in 1953.(3) The united States helps to guard the DMZ and protect the ROK with approximately 30,000 troops and an arsenal of military equipment. The country of South Korea is unable to maintain their own Nuclear weapons and relies on the US Militaries nuclear weapons program to match North Koreas Nuclear weapons program. Although the ROK army is well equipped and well trained it lacks the sheer numbers and nuclear capabilities to match North Korea. Therefore the ROK relies heavily on the United States military assistance. However with the ROK’s consistent progression and strong economy it’s only a matter of time before the ROK will no longer need the help of the USA. (4)
The ROC has the 12th largest economy in the world and is the 3rd largest in Asia. After world WII the ROC was one of the poorest countries in Asia and its economy was designed solely to the needs of Japan. The ROC was also dependent on US aid. In 1962 a coup led by General Park Chung-hee started a series of ambitious economic development. This resulted in an economic shift to vastly more foreign trade normalizing their economic relations with Japan. The ROC shifted once again from textiles to automobiles, shipbuilding, steel manufacturing and high tech products such as digital monitors and cell phones. This 9% annual growth brought about big name companies such as, Samsung, LG, Hyundai and Kia. The economy of the ROC has still maintained growth year after year although it has slowed due to the economic struggles of the global economy. The country is consistently growing but is running out of space to grow and is now suffering infrastructural issues. These infrastructural issues are attributing to recent health problems in the major cities. (5) The ROC will inevitably need more space to remedy its economic situation and has most recently agreed to join Chinas Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). (6) The ROC needs to expand and the only feasible solution is to reunite with North Korea. The fact remains that China has a history of supporting North Korea and would need to support the unity of Korea. Joining the AIIB may be the ROC’s most peaceful way ahead especially since North Koreas application to join the AIIB was denied. Consequently resulting in another move that loosens the influence the US has on the ROC.
The ROC has more than 50 million people which are predominantly homogenous minus 20,000 Chinese. The main language is Korean however English is taught in junior high and high school. Only 53% of Koreans practice a religion and of the...