This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

South Asian During Japanese Occupation Essay

1566 words - 7 pages

a) The South Asian experience during the Japanese Occupation (1942-45)

The Japanese Occupation was like a long nightmare that lasted for three and a half years. The various ethnic groups of Singapore were treated differently during 3 years of Japanese ruling. Following the defeat of the “Impregnable Fortress”, the Japanese military administration in Tokyo convinced with Japanese military to use highly brutal clean-up operations against the Chinese. The Indians, on the other-hand, were either given much leeway and treated with kindness or experienced a similar fate like the Chinese. This essay will examine how the Indians were torn between two choices; for or against the Japanese ...view middle of the document...

Indian soldiers who had defied the Japanese’s appeal to join the INA had to work on various Japanese contruction projects. The largest group contained 5,000 Indian prisoners which were sent to Rabual in New Britan. The second largest group was sent to Wewak, in north-western Australian New Guinea, which consisted of 3,000 men. (Journal of the Australian War Memorial | Australian War Memorial) The formation of the INA (Indian National Army) was mooted by an Indian POW, Captain Mohan Singh, in 1942 with the aim of mobilizing Indians in Singapore to support India’s independence struggle. Captain Mohan Singh was appointed as the Supreme Commander of the Indian contingents by the Japanese; he convinced the Indian POWs to enlist in the Indian National Army, only then they are able to liberate India’s freedom from British rule. The agreed condition was that “military action against the British in India will be taken only by the INA and under Indian command. (Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose) Indian military, naval and air assistance may be requested from the Japanese by the “Council of Action”. (Indian Independence League: The "think tank" behind the INA) After the liberation of India, the framing of the future constitution of India was left entirely to the representatives of India. (Subhas Chandra Bose, The Indian National Army, and The War)

Despite supporting the Japanese, it is clear that the Indians’ loyalty belongs to India and India’s liberation from British rule. However, Captain Mohan Singh later fell out with senior Japanese intelligence officers as he did not want the Japanese military to fully control the Indian National Army. Captain Mohan Singh was treated roughly by the Japanese military and stripped of his military powers and put under house arrest. The relationship between the Japanese military and the militant Indian National Army turned sour. The situation had turned risky. Luckily for the Japanese, Subhas Chandra Bose, another leader of the Indian National Army, returned secretly from Germany to Singapore and took over the handling of this highly sensitive matter. No one could imagine what might have happened should the situation deteriorate further as there were more than 20,000 members of the fully armed Indian National Army in the Malay Peninsula. The Indian POWs, who eventually joined the INA, kept a wary eye on the Japanese Military. (Joyce C. Lebra, 2008)

Despite the military’s efforts to gain more of the Indian population’s support, they had instilled more fear in their hearts. The brutalities shown against the Chinese sowed seeds of doubt in their hearts, many questioned if this was the benevolent governance of the Imperial Army which they promised. I will now discuss the other group of South Asian POWs in Singapore, those who were anti-japanese. Indian troops captured in Singapore were immediately separated from their European officers and exposed in INA propaganda. There was a group of Indian soldiers who fought alongside...

Other Papers Like South Asian During Japanese Occupation

Japan in Ww2 Essay

1720 words - 7 pages Asia by military force. Japan's military invasions of other Asian countries, however, brought resistance from not only the European colonial powers, but also the Asian people themselves, and finally, the United States. The Japanese military tried to convince the Japanese people that complete loyalty and obedience would make Japan invincible. Japan's early victories seemed to prove this, but the U.S. victory at Midway Island in June 1942 led to the

Western Colonisation Contributed More to the Advancement of Nationalist Goals in Southeast Asia Than the Japanese Occupation

1576 words - 7 pages existing nationalist goals. The use of arms during the occupation propelled the stance of nationalist goals from one that is negotiative to one that is demanding, where force was put into play. In Malaya, British military support for the MPAJA anti-Japanese forces provided the local resistance with military training and arms. After the defeat of the Japanese, the British were caught in a power struggle with the MPAJA. The arms that the British

Vietnam: Historic, Political and Economic Influences on Globalization

1602 words - 7 pages The 20th century history of Vietnam was defined by conflict. Between periods of resistance to French colonization, fighting Japanese occupation in WWII, the war with the United States and regional conflicts involving Cambodia and China, Vietnam was left with little time for nation building. Recently, Vietnam has finally experienced an extended period of peace and is using this opportunity to emerge from obscurity and become a major player in the

Economic Comparison of South Korea and Japan

3003 words - 13 pages recovery in subsequent years, and the country entered the 21st century on a relatively firm economic footing. Japanese industry and infrastructure, which were virtually destroyed during World War II, were systematically rebuilt to transform the country into a global economic leader by the mid-1960s. Post-World War II, the seven-year U.S. occupation of Japan proved to be a blessing in disguise as the Japanese received $2 billion in aid from the U.S

Imperialism In Japan From 1937-1951

1643 words - 7 pages Imperialism is the imposition of one nation's government, culture and economic needs on another nation or territory. In Japan, imperialism meant the desire to form an expansionist policy on the nations and areas surrounding it. Although Japan's main imperialist aims were endeavoured during the Second World War, their imperialist ambitions are evident from as early as 1894, during the Sino-Japanese War with China where it gained much influence in

American Foreign Policy and Its Involvement with Vietnam

2609 words - 11 pages theory were all that were needed to build up to the war that would take many American lives. United States' involvement in Vietnam began as early as World War II, when American forces of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) invaded into the mountains in the northern region of Vietnam. Major Allison Thomas led the mission, "Deer." The purpose was to meet with and train a small group of Vietnamese soldiers that were fighting Japanese occupation

Asians in Cj

1784 words - 8 pages Lou Kenneth Q Isip Multiculturalism In The Criminal Justice System Chapter 5: Asian Americans in the Criminal Justice System Professor Brown November 6, 2010 The main thing that Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans have in common when talking about immigration is the hardships they endured when they got here. All groups have shared a great amount of hatred and discrimination by White Americans. With the Chinese and Japanese, they actually

How To Make A Successful Negotiation With The Japanese

4486 words - 18 pages in the world. Japan is also the 3rd strongest economy in the world, only ranked after China and the US. The nation is also famous for its determination and discipline. After World War II, Japan belonged to the Defeated with Germany and Italy, the country was seriously damaged. However, with the support from the world community (mainly from the US), Japanese economy has risen and developed rapidly during the 70s and 80s. In the 90s of 20th

The Battle of Midway

2099 words - 9 pages Body (Admiral Yamamoto in command of the attack group from the battleship Yamato) left multiple bases from within the Japanese islands. Leaving shortly after was the Japanese war fleet, the carrier escort force (commanded by Rear Admiral Tanaka Raizo), the escort fleet included 15 transport ships, sailing from Saipan; furthermore, the war fleet also contained the Occupation Support Force (commanded by Rear Admiral Kurita Takeo) sailed from the

Summary Of Chapter

9679 words - 39 pages colonial powers, countries needed to reestablish their identity and political structures → hostility + Maoist experiments in China 2. 1975-1997 Relative calm period, stable growth, export to foreign countries, rise in FDI a. Mao’s death: collapse of communism → socialist market economy b. Japanese miracle c. Impressive growth of the South-Korean economy 3. Ersatz capitalism → Asian crisis in 1997: inefficient use of capital was covered up

Asian American

1318 words - 6 pages society as knowledgeable, savvy and mathematically adept. On the other, Asian Americans cannot feel happy about it because it’s a limited and singular cliché for a highly diverse group that is made up of people of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Filipino, Indian and South Asian descent as well as other backgrounds (F.Paul, 2011, p14). In the research Product Category, Cohen (1992) stated an association between Asian American stereotypes

Related Essays

Pestle Analysis Korean Chocolate Industry

2717 words - 11 pages older Koreans who grew up during the time of the Japanese occupation may not appreciate gifts from Japan or comparison of Korea with Japan. Living Conditions: Higher incomes led to significant shifts in consumption patterns. For example, in 1963 the average family spent 57.4 percent of its budget on food. Twenty years later, the share going to food had fallen to 40 percent and was expected to continue to fall (but not as rapidly as in the

Comfort Women Essay

3082 words - 13 pages , Sangmie Choi. Ed. Comfort women speak: testimony by sex slaves of the Japanese military. New York: Holmes & Meier, 2000. Print. Soh, C. Sarah. "Japan's National/Asian Women's Fund For "Comfort Women." Pacific Affairs 76.2 (2003): 209-234. Academic Search Premier. Web. 5 Mar. 2012. Tanaka, Yuki. Japan’s Comfort Women: sexual slavery and prostitution during World War II and the US occupation. London and New York: Routledge, 2002. Print.

Prejudice And Dicrimination Essay

1978 words - 8 pages Home Page 31 Oct. 2001. 31 Oct. 2001 “Discussion.” 21 Nov. 2001. 28 Nov. 2001 <>. Go lightly, Bunty. “Enfield motorcycle enthusiasts.” Yahoo! Groups 2 Sept. 2000. “Japan.” World Book. 1996 “Japanese American Internment.” Kid’s Page 31 Oct. 2001. “Joy Luck Club.” Yahoo! Movies 3 Dec. 2001. “Understanding Discrimination against Asian-Americans.” University of South Carolina “The Munson Report.” Geocities 31 Oct. 2001. “Prejudice.” 11 Nov. 2001.

The East Asian Community Essay

818 words - 4 pages Chinese during their occupation. So, if one can persuade him to visit the Shrine personally, this would decrease Chinese enmity, and lead them back to their regular meetings, which may increase an opportunity to normalize the Sino-Japanese relationship. Secondly, the EAS should establish an institution, which is led by issues, not great powers. The summit showed that fear of not having important role made countries support the arena they can