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Sociology Vocationalism Esaay Essay

1083 words - 5 pages

Outline and asses the view that vocational education simply trains workers for exploitation.

A Labour prime minister in the 1970's said that Britain was facing a skills crisis. Pupils were leaving school unemployable, lacking the knowledge and skills needed for Britain to compete in the global economy. This was the main reason why new vocationalism was introduced to train young people and to provide the economy with skilled workforce. On these vocational courses students are taught technical skills such as plumbing and construction.
Marxist would argue that vocationalism doesn’t simply train workers for exploitation but also produces inequalities. That the real function of vocational ...view middle of the document...

That members of society are united by the necessity of combining their occupational skills to produce goods and services.
Bowels and Gintis suggested that there is a correspondence between educational institutions and the workforce and would agree with statement above. That the main role of education is the reproduction of new generations of workers appropriately schooled to take their place in capitalist society. This involves learning to accept and obey a hierarchy of authority, to find satisfaction to external rewards rather than work itself and to believe that social inequality is just and legitimate. Davie and Moore would criticise this view as he argues that education main function is to allocate roles which are best suited to their talents. Gramisic would also argue that although education does produce a major role in inequalities but education is counter hegmomic, that workers have many opportunities to fight back against the elite by using many different methods such as the media. However Gramisic can be criticised as the has been hegemomic science fiction and most people do not understand the meaning behind it and no major action has been taken. Many would argue that marixsm is a out of date political theory.
Clarke would define training in a different way that vocationalism teaches students transferrable skills and behavior skills, apposing discipline so they become obedient workers. She observed that when providing skills they are restricted to the courses they can do. This means when they go into employment they are likely to be in low paid jobs becuase they dont have the required skills to move up the social ladder. However Parson would argue different as he see education being part of the meritocracy that everyone is given equal opportunities.
Willis being a Neo- Marxist argues that the education system is closely linked to the needs of Capitalism. He studied 12 working class boys during their last year at school, he found that lads formed a particular attitude to school a counter school culture. That they so no value in education and they felt superior to teachers and conformist pupils and found that they shared the values for their first jobs. The study supports the view that education trains students to face exploitation in the future. However it could be argues that...

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