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Sociology Essay

1587 words - 7 pages

January 24, 2007
Sociology-Online

What we see as a community today was not how it was seen in the past. In the past the community was seen as individuals belonging to an association in which the goal was not to worry so much about their self-interests, but more of the association as a whole. This type of setting was termed Gemeinschaft by Ferdnand Tonnies (1957). To go into more detail, Gemeinschaft, which means community in German, tends to see the community in a pre-modern society where inside the community everyone knew one another, looked out for one another and had a shared belief system, such as religious communities ...view middle of the document...

The race for material possessions has also had a hand in the breakdown of the community. Today in order to find a Gemeinschaft or a community you would have to look to a small town or religious community away from a major city, a place where the values and morals are that of the community as a whole comes first before the individual, and religion still plays a major role in the lives of the people of the town. As an example of a religious community, you would look toward the Amish community where nothing individual is placed over the community. There is even an initiative being done by Tony Blair and the Labor Party in England to enact political programs and policy proposals that link social problems with lack of community in contemporary society. (mijid Yar).

As good as a Gemeinschaft community would be as a whole, what if you had a group of teens who belonged to a Gemeinschaft community and are exposed to a Gesellschaft, where they have seen people that are independent and are winning individual awards instead of doing it for the community. How would you go about setting up a plan to settle the unrest of these teens that think that they are missing out on something and would like to be apart of it? The first thing would be to sit them down and to form a group so that they could start discussing and debating the best course of action to be taken to allow them to reach some of the goals and obtain some of the possessions they had seen in the Gesellschaft. As the group is formed, they will need to select a leader who will not only have a certain power in the group, but will have to understand what a leader is. There are several theories on what makes up a good leader, first being the Trait theory. This theory asks the question are leaders born or made. Is there a connection somewhere in the bloodline that makes a person a natural leader or are leaders made? A second theory is a Situational Theory, which is that anyone can become a leader in an area where they feel comfortable, learned the material and showed the techniques involved in the area in question. Another theory is Vision, which asks the question - Is a leader able to look beyond the present and see what the future will hold?

As there are theories of leadership, there are also styles of leadership that the group must explore before a leader is chosen. There are three main styles of leadership starting with Autocratic style, which is a dictator or a coercive leader. This is someone who has a vision of how he wants things to be. Things have to be his way. Yet an Autocrat can be a directive type leader as well. The second style is Democratic, in which the group has a say in the decisions being made. The leader in the group may have a final say on the matter at hand and that person is usually well liked among the group. The last style is a Laissez-faire style in which the leader is a hands-off sort of person, sits back and feels the less he is involved, the more...

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