Sociology Essay

555 words - 3 pages

In my opinion, the reason sociology is viewed as a bit warily by leaders in most societies is because there is yet to be an achievement of understanding mental distress. For example, in the case of woman's mental health, sociologists have not studied the effects of its worries.

4. The conflict theory in my opinion best explains the inequality in the United States. The reason of my choice is in viewing society as composed of groups that engage in fierce competition for scarce resources is the underlying foundation in the conflict theory. I see this lot in the United States every day. Conflict theory emphasizes the role of intimidation and power in producing social order. This perspective is resulting from the works of Karl Marx, who saw society as disjointed into groups that compete for social and economic resources. Social order is ...view middle of the document...

The masses are not bound to society by their shared values, but by coercion at the hands of those in power. This perspective emphasizes social control, not consensus and conformity. Groups and individuals advance their own interests, struggling over control of societal resources. Those with the most resources exercise power over others with inequality and power struggles result. There is great attention paid to class, race, and gender in this perspective because they are seen as the grounds of the most pertinent and enduring struggles in society. While most other sociological theories focus on the positive aspects of society, conflict perspective focuses on the negative, conflicted, and ever-changing nature of society. Unlike functionalists who defend the status quo, avoid social change, and believe people cooperate to affect social order; conflict theorists challenge the status quo, encourage social change even when this means social revolution, and believe rich and powerful people force social order on the poor and the weak. Conflict theorists, for example, may interpret an elite board of regents raising tuition to pay for esoteric new programs that raise the prestige of a local college as self-serving rather than as beneficial for students.

6. I think Jane Addams fulfilled two core commitments of sociology. Addams believed all members of society, not only the privileged and wealthy, deserve protection. In turn, helping those in need benefits everyone in society, for the good we secure for ourselves is precarious and uncertain until it is secured for all of us and incorporated into our common life. The episode in the life of Hull House beautifully illustrates how Addams carried out the two core commitments of sociology. She and her colleagues used their sociological eyes to notice a pattern of inequality and then used social activism to address that inequity.

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