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Sociology Essay

2632 words - 11 pages

Divorce: Why have divorce rates increased since the 1950s?
A divorce is the ending of a legal marriage, cancelling the marriage contract between the partners and the state. In the UK, a divorce requires the approval of the legal system, although this is fairly easy to come by. A typical divorce has to consider support payments for the partners and any children, child custody, the distribution of property and the division of debt. Fifty years ago there were few divorces. Nowadays, two in five marriages end in divorce. This is because divorce is cheaper and easier, and the equality between the sexes has been narrowed. In the 1950s, divorce used to be difficult to obtain and very few divorces ...view middle of the document...

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However, some people think that divorce should be made more difficult, returning to the old laws where one partner had to be an adulterer or cruel. Some people even want to go as far as the law does in some countries like Malta and the Philippines, divorce is illegal. This is because they think that divorce is harmful, especially on children. Many people think that couples have a responsibility to stay together for their children. On the other hand, people who support divorce think that if a couple stays together only for the sake of the children, the household will be even unhappier. An increase in the divorce rate means that there has also been an increase in the amount of second marriages. For obvious reasons, the partners involved in a second marriage tend to be older compared to first marriages. Second marriages also have a lower divorce rate, so there is a greater chance of survival. This is used to support the arguments of both sides of the divorce argument. Those who support easy access to divorce say this because the partners are older and more experienced so they choose their partners better. Those who think that divorce should be limited suggest that being older and more experienced means that they can work through any disagreements more successfully and not resort to divorce, which is what should have taken place in the first marriage. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What does a divorce involve? How has the amount of divorces changed between 1961 and 2002? What did the 1969 Divorce Reform Act do? How has the change in gender equality affect the divorce rate? Where is divorce not allowed? Why do some people want divorce to be restricted? How is the success of remarriages used by both sides of the divorce debate?

The Big Question! 8. Why have divorce rates increased since the 1950s?

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Divorce: What are Christian attitudes to divorce?
There are different attitudes to divorce in Christianity. Catholics do not allow divorce because they believe that the marriage vows cannot be broken, other Christians disapprove of divorce but allow it if a marriage has broken down. The Catholic Church does not “The marriage bond has been allow divorce because marriage is a established by God himself in sacrament (an example of God’s work) such a way that a marriage and the exchange of vows means that the only concluded and consummated way a marriage can be ended is by the death of one between baptised persons can never be dissolved.” of the partners. However, the Catholic Church does Catechism of the Catholic Church allow a marriage to be annulled (declared invalid) if it can be proved that the marriage was never consummated (the partners did not have sex), and was therefore not a true Christian marriage.
“Back in the house, the disciples questioned him again about this, and he said to them ‘Whoever divorces his wife and marries another is guilty of adultery against her. And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she is...

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