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Social Work Essay

1556 words - 7 pages

FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WORK

NAME : MUDE SOLOMON LESLEY

REG NUMBER : B1440781

PROGRAMME : SOCIAL WORK

COURSE : CHILD WELFARE

COURSE CODE : SW 209

LECTURER : DR CHERENI

QUESTION :






(a) Summarise the author’s main argument (300 word limit). [10]



In this article, the author writes explaining the relationship of work, learning and leisure in relation to the development of children. The author challenges the normative way of ...view middle of the document...

He presents one of his main argument that the interest of children are better served considering the condition and contexts of the work they do, rather than relying on universal laws which often work against the best interests of the child.


















(b) Using Bourdillon’s work and other sources, discuss the dilemmas of protecting children against child labour in Zimbabwe. Use a minimum of 5 journal articles from academic databases such as Sage, Ebscohost, and Elsevier (Please avoid google databases) (1200 word limit). [70]

Child labour in Zimbabwe has been in practice since time immemorial. During the colonial era, thousands of children were both exploited in both economic and domestic spheres. However, after Zimbabwe attained its independence, the government of Zimbabwe has been actively in local, regional and global conventions aimed at protecting children against child labour. However, it should be noted that protecting children against work is not always favorable. Therefore, the purpose of this essay is to discuss some of the issues that review that protecting children is not always a favorable option. Some of the key points that make child protection against child labour not so favorable is the expression of good feelings from children about their work, how children acquire social and life skills from their work and how child labour contribute to the livelihoods of children and their families especially in response to poverty.

To understand the foregoing essay, there is need to define the key terms. The term child is a much-contested phenomenon around the globe due to the failure of coming with a universal age to define the one called a child. However, the children’s act [chapter 5:06] defines a child as a person under the age of sixteen years and includes an infant. Dilemma simply refers to a situation in you have to make a difficult decision or a state where you make a choice between equally unfavorable options. Different frameworks have been proposed to define Child labour. UNICEF (2008) defines child labour as work that exceeds a minimum number of hours, depending on the age of the child and on the type of work, such work is considered harmful to child and therefore should be eliminated.

To begin with, the attitude or rather the good expression from children about their work is one dilemma that the lawmakers are facing when protecting children against child labour. Bourdillon (2000), describes how some children in Zimbabwe are earning and managing to attend school through their earnings from their child work which the government label as child labour. He further notes that in his findings, he interviewed one thirteen- year old girl who expressed how happy she was to be able to earn and educate herself rather than sitting at home and remain uneducated, Bourdillon (2011). In such cases the dilemma is that, the government is determined to protect all the children from hazardous work and this includes...

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