Social Work Essay

4070 words - 17 pages

TERCERA CONFERENCIA TRABAJO SOCIAL FORENSE EL ABOGADO Y EL TRABAJADOR SOCIAL COMO EQUIPO EN LA PRESENTACIÓN DEL CASO EN EL TRIBUNAL
Lcda. Pilar Pérez Rojas

TERCERA CONFERENCIA TRABAJO SOCIAL FORENSE TRABAJO EN EQUIPO No debemos pasar por alto que el derecho puertorriqueño es uno rogado, por lo cual es importante proveerle al Juez toda la evidencia que entienda el abogado necesaria para la presentación del caso y lograr la petición o solicitud de su cliente. Debido a ello es importante resaltar la función del Trabajador Social como perito en los casos que participa, sean de custodia, patria potestad, relaciones paterno filiales u otros. A mi entender la profesión legal no hemos sabido ...view middle of the document...

Esta regla permite que la experiencia del perito sustituya estudios graduados o especializados o escritos publicados. Toda persona que va a testificar en calidad de perito debe cualificar conforme a la Regla 53 de las Reglas de Evidencia, supra. Regla 53 - Cualificación como perito
(A) Toda persona está para declarar como testigo pericial si posee especial conocimiento, destreza, experiencia, adiestramiento o instrucción suficientes para cualificarla como un experto o perito en el asunto sobre el cual habrá de prestar testimonio. Si hubiere objeción de parte, dicho especial conocimiento, destreza, experiencia, adiestramiento o instrucción deberán ser probados antes de que el testigo pueda declarar como perito.

Bajo este inciso (A) de la regla, el abogado de la parte contraria tiene derecho a un llamado “Voir Dire” o sea, hacer preguntas al perito sobre sus cualificaciones para tratar descualificar su testimonio como perito.
(B) El especial conocimiento, destreza, experiencia, adiestramiento o instrucción de un testigo pericial podrán ser probados por cualquier evidencia admisible, incluyendo su propio testimonio.

En sus comentarios a las Reglas de Evidencia, el Profesor Ernesto L. Chiesa, manifiesta que se ha adoptado una regla liberal sobre la capacidad para declarar como perito ya que no solo determinado conocimiento científico confiere la cualificación como perito. Expresa claramente el licenciado Chiesa que y citamos:
“Perito y científico no son sinónimos bajo esta regla, determinada destreza, experiencia, adiestramiento o instrucción en relación al asunto sobre el cual versaría la declaración pericial es suficiente. De ahí que no solamente un médico, ingeniero, arquitecto, etc., cualifique como perito; en circunstancias apropiadas tambien puede cualificar el mecánico que no tiene preparación académica formal, el “realtor” que declara sobre el valor de las propiedades”. Chiesa, Ernesto L. Práctica Procesal Puertorriqueña Evidencia, Publicaciones JTS (1985).

El Tribunal tiene amplia discreción para determinar si un testigo está capacitado para declarar como perito.

Regla 54 - Contrainterrogatorio de peritos

(A)

Sujeto a lo dispuesto en el inciso (B), todo testigo que declare en calidad de perito podrá ser contrainterrogado con igual amplitud y alcance que cualquier otro testigo y, además podrá ser plenamente contrainterrogado sobre (1) sus cualificaciones como perito, (2) el asunto objeto de su testimonio pericial, y (3) los hechos, datos y circunstancias en que su testimonio se funda.

Regla 55 - Limitación sobre número de peritos
El Tribunal podrá en cualquier momento anterior al comienzo del juicio o durante el mismo, limitar el número de peritos que podrán ser presentados por cualquiera de las partes.

Nuestro Tribunal Supremo determinó en Otero vs. Delbrey, 144 D.P.R. 688, que en casos de una alegada víctima de abuso sexual es necesario que se demuestre la necesidad de someter a esa alegada víctima a una...

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