The field of social psychology is greatly interested in the study of feelings, thought and actions of people in social setups. Conversely, it also looks at the effects of other people on those feelings, actions and thoughts. It also deals with the behavior of individuals in groups and group behaviors themselves. Social psychology employs a scientific perspective in terms of how people think about others, how they relate with others and how they influence each other.
The perception of our own self in relation to the world surrounding us plays a very vital role in the way we make our choices, how we behave in various contexts and the beliefs we hold dearly to ourselves. On the other hand, the ...view middle of the document...
It is referred to as narcissistic disturbance. This individual can act but they “do not know what to do”.
For human beings to advance personal and career goals, they need to have high self-esteem and self-efficacy. Many people tend to use these words interchangeably which is not right. They are different but closely related. Self-esteem is a general evaluation of oneself. This is how people appraise their own worth. Even though there is no known scale for measuring self-esteem, looking at how people behave and react to their environment can give you a clue on the level of their self-esteem. Having a good image of you is an indication of a high self-esteem. If you are this kind of person, you may tend to believe that you are friendly, reliable, good and honest. People with low self-esteem on the other hand lean towards being noncompetitive and timid. Others can say that shyness and keeping to oneself in also another sign of low self-esteem. These are the kind of people who think that they can never be better than others even when the reverse is true. They fail to realize their full potential ending up on living substandard lives. Their self-confidence is noticeably low making them to give up easily in life.
The concept of self-efficacy was first introduced by Albert Bandura. It has a close resemblance to internal locus of control. This is the assessment of one self about their own ability to face life situations or perform tasks. It is a feeling developed and nurtured as one grows, mastering different abilities through learning. This feeling makes a person believe in themselves, ready to learn new things and conquer all odds of life fearlessly.
A person may not know how to swim thus having a low self-efficacy in swimming. Regardless this does not result in automatic low self-esteem if this person does not take swimming to be important in his life. A major difference between self-esteem and self-efficacy is that while self-esteem being a rather permanent internal feeling, efficacy depends upon a performance at that exact time. If it could have happened that the two are the same, you would have felt great at a time when you did well and terrible when you failed in other tasks. This is the reason why a person’s worth, success or failure is not evaluated depending on the performance of one or more tasks.
Social judgment refers to the way we perceive other people, the way we form impressions about these same people and how result to making conclusions afterwards. Basically, this is a critical area of social psychology that is given a lot of emphasis. It investigates the accuracy of the judgments we make and the resulting consequences. Our judgments define the way we form first impressions and how we respond to people. Misjudgments are the main causes of discriminations and prejudices. Various stimuli guide us in the way we judge others. They include facial and body movements of these people, their natural looks, the way they dress and the opinions...