This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Social Psychology Essay

2401 words - 10 pages

Social Influence
Social facilitation – The tendency for people to perform better on tasks in the presence of people than when alone.
Triplett 1898 found that cyclists rode faster when racing together than when alone because of the competitive element. He also tests this with children and how long it took them to turn a fishing wheel 150 times. Sometimes they were alone and sometimes together, and found that many children worked in co-action
CO-ACTION- people working together on the same task.
Allport also found college students work in co action completing more multiplication problems together and when Chen looked at ants he found they dig 3 times as faster
Allport said that competition ...view middle of the document...

These were Average or below average. The researcher recorded the number of successful shots of 6 average and 6 below average players. At this stage they didn’t know they were being observed. Then the researchers went up to the table so they knew.
Results- Players identified as average ability their shot accuracy increased by 9% whereas below average decreased by 11%
Conclusion- Presence of an audience results in social facilitation when the task is well known but with social inhibition when the task is more difficult.
Evaluation- Because of the natural setting it has high ecological validity. The participants were also unaware so they were less likely to demand characteristics. Lack of awareness raises ethical concerns such as invasion of privacy and lack of informed consent.

Similar findings were found in animal research. Zajonc 1969 put cockroaches into a run way. They had to run down a straight corridor into a darkened goal box to escape a bright light. Sometimes they ran in pairs and other times on their own. They reached the goal box more quickly when in pairs. When the task was made more difficult like having a right turn the cockroaches were faster on their own. The same results were found with an audience of cockroaches.

Evaluation of arousal theory
1) It doesn’t explain why a person who is very competent at a task can still perform poorly in front of an audience. This is better explained by the Yerkes – Dodson Law. According to this law, such a person may benefit from an audience to raise the arousal level but only up to the optimum level. Otherwise too much arousal can impair performance
2) It doesn’t acknowledge cognitive processes as important in a task For example what the presence of others might mean to the person doing the task. Results from animal studies suggest that these are not important. Though some believe the thought of competition in co action and the thought of being judged are important in social facilitation.

Evaluation Apprehension theory
Cottrell 1968 argued that it is not the presence of others that causes arousal but the apprehension/anxiety of being judged by others. Increased arousal in the presence of others is not an innate response but is rather a learned one. This is because people associate the presence of others with evaluations of their performance on a task. Thus the mere presence of others is not enough to raise arousal and the dominant response which follow.
HENCHY AND GLASS 1968
Aim- To see if it is the thought being evaluated and judged that is necessary to produce the dominant response
Method- Performance on tasks, e.g. typing was assessed in 4 conditions
1) Alone- control condition
2) Presence of 2 experts
3) Presence of 2 non experts
4) Alone but filmed later for evaluation by experts
Results- facilitation of dominant only occurred in conditions 2 and 4. Performance was similar in conditions 1 and 3
Conclusion- some concern about evaluation is necessary...

Other Papers Like Social Psychology

Social Psychology Essay

1159 words - 5 pages Social psychology studies elements of life situations. Social psychology dives deep into how people analysis and influence one another. Social psychology is a study concerning why a person thinks about, relates to, and influences others. Social psychology consists of the study of learning how people see themselves and others. Social psychology studies people’s beliefs, attitudes, thought process, and judgment making. Social psychology influences

Social Psychology Essay

1430 words - 6 pages Would the world be a better place if individuals could work together in a group and be more understanding of the other? Why and how do individuals behave in social settings and the importance of social interaction for individuals? These are some of the questions that come in mind when talking about social psychology. To get a better understand the field of social psychology this paper will focus on defining social psychology, the four key

Social Psychology

1219 words - 5 pages Social Psychology Conshombia McArthur PSY 555 January 14, 2012 Dr. Newcomer According to Fiske, social psychology is the scientific attempt to explain how the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of other human beings (2010, p. 4). Meaning that the actions of the individual are dictated to by the group and without the presence of the group one’s action might be

Social Psychology - 1280 words

1280 words - 6 pages Social Psychology As people we often wonder about our mage when we are out in society among other. People often want to be sure that when they are around certain group of people that they are accepted for who they are. Even though people may not notice at times, but others influence the way they feel, thing, and behave. As people we would put actual, implied and imaginary people in a situation and behave differently depending on each different

Social Psychology - 1243 words

1243 words - 5 pages ; Mukhergee Indian journal of pharmacology 2003; 35 281-289 Social Learning Theory Kendra cherry http://psychology.about.com/od/develomentalpsychology/a/sociallearning Psychodynamic approach http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_stage Raith, E (2003) Duration of Breast-feeding and the Incidence of Smoking Department of Psychology. Loyola University New Orleans. Books used Gross R (2005), Psychology The science of mind and behaviour, sixth edition published by Hodder education, an Hachett uk company. Michael Eysenck Simply Psychology, published by Psychology Press (2001)

Social Psychology - 1815 words

1815 words - 8 pages Textbook Notes Ch.1 Social psychology: scientific study of how individuals think, feel and behave in a social context. Difference from economic and political science: * Social psyc strives to establish general principles of attitude formation and change that apply in a variety of situation, rather than exclusively to particular domains * Focuses on the psychology of the individual; unlike sociology, social psyc does not classifies

Social Psychology - 663 words

663 words - 3 pages Social Psychology Paper Robin Cohran 4/6/13 PSY/201 S.Jones Sarah is a 15 year old, white female. She recently started to experience some common situations for people, especially in her age group. One specific situation, was her involvement in a party that had taken place. Some of her new friends had invited her to this party and she was excited about it, like most teenage girls would be. Especially, when her new friends told her how

Social Psychology - 2125 words

2125 words - 9 pages ) References: 1. Andreassi, Desrochers & Thompson citing Burke & Reitzes in Identity Theory entry: Burke, P. J. & Reitzes, D. C. (1981). The link between identity and role performance. Social Psychology Quarterly, 44, 83-92. 2. Crocker J, Major B.(1989) Social stigma and self-esteem: The self-protective properties of stigma. Psychological Review. 1989; 96:608–630. 3. Cast, A. D., & Burke, P. J. (1999). Integrating self

Social Psychology - 3044 words

3044 words - 13 pages The field of social psychology is greatly interested in the study of feelings, thought and actions of people in social setups. Conversely, it also looks at the effects of other people on those feelings, actions and thoughts. It also deals with the behavior of individuals in groups and group behaviors themselves. Social psychology employs a scientific perspective in terms of how people think about others, how they relate with others and how they

Social Psychology - 540 words

540 words - 3 pages Social Psychology – PRACTICE QUIZ Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Chartrand and Bargh (1999) found that participants in an experiment who worked alongside another person who occasionally rubbed her face were unwittingly more likely to rub their face. They called this A. the chameleon effect. B. mood linkage. C. compliance. D. automatic processing. 2. Knowing that someone is trying

Social Psychology Defined

659 words - 3 pages Social Psychology Defined Jackeline Rodriguez PSY/400 June 18th, 2014 Jacqueline Burnett-Brown Social Psychology Defined There are many different forms of psychology that have been discovered and have made their mark in the world of psychology and in science. In this paper, social psychology will be defined and further explain how social psychology is different from other forms of psychology, and provide insight into how and why research

Related Essays

Social Psychology Essay 964 Words

964 words - 4 pages Social Psychology Institute Name Date Introduction Psychology covers many topics and conducts different types of research to understand the function and development of humans. Social psychology, however, places a focus on individuals and how they think about, relate to, and perceive others. Social thinking, influences, and relations are the main concepts of social psychology that also construct main ideas to make

Social Psychology Essay 895 Words

895 words - 4 pages Social Psychology Like many fields of psychology, social psychology is no different. From its foundation it has inspired many conflicts and different views and all the while still finds a way to add to the study of the field of psychology. The following will discuss the meaning of social psychology, how social psychology differs from other related disciplines and explains the main types of research approaches and/or methods along with their

Social Psychology Essay 1693 Words

1693 words - 7 pages There are many explanations for the origins of modern social psychology. It is therefore important to consider that social psychology cannot be traced back to one single source of origin. Hence, this is the reason why there are debates of what social psychology is. Gordon Allport described social psychology as the study an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors which are influenced by the actual, imagines, or implied presence of others

Social Psychology Essay 945 Words

945 words - 4 pages Social Psychology Social psychology is the study of how individuals perceive information and in return act and behave towards other individuals. It also touches on what influences and persuades other individuals based on ones actions or behaviors. One could argue that social psychology is within close proximity to sociology since the study of sociology elicits the study of groups, societies and people. Social psychology has everything to do