Social Psychological Theory of Aggression
The social learning theory is learning that occurs as a function of
observing, retaining and replicating behavior observed in others.
Although observational learning can take place at any stage in life,
it is thought to be particularly important during childhood,
particularly as authority becomes important. Because of this, social
learning theory has influenced debates on the effect of television
violence and parental role models. Bandura's Bobo doll experiment is
widely cited in psychology as a demonstration of observational
learning and demonstrated that children are more likely to engage in
violent play ...view middle of the document...
G a suitably skilled person must want to replicate the
behavior of a juggler, and needs to have items to juggle to hand).
Furthermore social learning may affect behavior in the following ways.
It teaches new behaviors, increases/decreases the frequency of which
previously learnt behaviors are carried out, can encourage previously
forbidden behaviors and can increase/decrease similar behaviors. For
example, observing someone excelling in piano playing may encourage an
observer to excel in playing the saxophone.
The Bobo doll experiment was conducted by Albert Bandura in 1961 to
study aggressive patterns of behavior. During the experiment, groups
of children were shown a film where a model acted violently towards a
Bobo Doll. During this film, a model is in a room full of toys,
including a Bobo doll. The Model then repeatedly hits the doll, says
abusive language at it, and even hits it with a hammer. This film had
one of three endings, and three groups of children were all shown a
different ending. One showed the model being punished for his
behavior, one showed him rewarded, and the other showed no negative or
positive effects from the aggression displayed. Then, the children
were led into a room full of the same toys in the video, yet they were
told that they were not allowed to touch any of the...