Social Process Theory
Social Process and Crime
In the social process theory, three areas are covered. The three are social learning theory, social control theory, and social reaction theory.
The definition of the social learning theory is People learn through observing others’ behavior, attitudes, and outcomes of those behaviors. “Most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others, one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action.” (Learning Theories Knowledgebase ). Most people learn through watching other. As a child, we learn by mocking what we have observed ...view middle of the document...
If the child feels that, they do not have a chance in school this may lead to them dropping out. In this situation, the child does not have a chance to build a steady relationship with the teacher for support. Another factor that can affect a child and what they learn can be peer groups. If the child is hanging around with a group that has antisocial behavior then they can fall into the trap of being bad because it is cool. The bad crowd can lead any child to deviant behavior and down the wrong path. The more violent the group the more likely the child will be to commit serious crime to impress their friends.
One of the subcategories of Social Learning Theory is the Differential Association Theory first developed by Edwin H. Sutherland in 1939 in a text call Principles of criminology. The basic steps to this theory are. (Sutherland, 1939)
1. Criminal behavior is learned.
2. Learning is a by-product of interaction.
3. Learning occurs within intimate groups.
4. Criminal techniques are learned.
5. Perceptions of legal code influence motives and drives.
6. Differential associations may very in frequency, duration, priority, and intensity.
7. The process of learning criminal behavior by association with criminal and anticriminal patterns involves all of the mechanisms involved in any other learning process.
8. Criminal behavior is an expression of general needs and values, but it is not excused by those general needs and values because noncriminal behavior is also an expression of those same needs and values.
Most people can avoid this deviant behavior if they have a home life that shows them right from wrong when they are younger. If the person is not put into a situation where they are going to around this type of behavior they will be able to resist and not learn from the beginning.
Social Control Theory
Social control is just that. Society has set out norms for people to follow. Most people who have a good up bringing are raised to follow the rules and to what’s right. Most people will obey the law or social norms because they are afraid they will get into trouble or that they will disappoint someone who loves them. Others will obey the social norms because they have every thing that they need. People who have the...