Social Learning And Adaptation Essay

288 words - 2 pages

Conventional conditioning models cannot make sense of drug behavior because they circumvent the psychological, environmental, and social nexus of which drug use is a part. One branch of conditioning theory, social-learning theory (Bandura 1977), has opened itself to the subjective elements of reinforcement. For example, Bandura described how a psychotic who continued his delusional behavior in order to ward off invisible terrors was acting in line with a reinforcement schedule that ...view middle of the document...


Social-learning theorists have been especially active in alcoholism, where they have analyzed how alcoholics' expectations and beliefs about what alcohol will do for them influence the rewards and behaviors associated with drinking (Marlatt 1978; Wilson 1981). Yet it has also been social-learning theorists who have launched the alcohol-dependence syndrome and who seem to feel subjective interpretation is far less important than the pharmacological effects of alcohol in causing drinking problems (Hodgson et al. 1978, 1979). This lacuna in their theorizing is most noticeable in the inability of modem social-learning theorists to make sense out of cultural variations in drinking styles and experiences (Shaw 1979). Whereas McClelland et al. (1972) offered an experiential bridge between individual and cultural conceptions about alcohol (see chapter 5), behaviorists have regularly rejected this kind of synthesis in favor of direct observations and objective measurements of alcoholic behavior (embodied by Mendelson and Mello 1979b).

Other Papers Like Social Learning And Adaptation

Detail How and Why Research by Bandura and Colleagues on Social Learning and Aggression Has Contributed to Our Understanding of Children’S Behaviour

809 words - 4 pages Aims and Objectives: • To gain an understanding of how the study was conducted • Learn why this has contributed to how to our understanding of children’s behaviour • Understand how the study has affected our understanding of children’s behaviour • To identify some of the key limitations of this type of study Introduction: In 1963 a study was conducted by Bandura et al. to determine the extent to which children would imitate

Roy Adaptation Theory Essay

1742 words - 7 pages trial comprised of 43 patients (22 controls) who presented with heart failure. The aim of the study was to determine the effect Roy Adaptation Model-based experimental education, exercise and social support programme on adaptation in persons with heart failure. The patients were evaluated using a assessment form for physiological data, the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, interpersonal Support Evaluation List and the 6-Minute

Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories

1193 words - 5 pages adaptation leading to optimum health, well-being, quality of life, death with dignity, and finding in life by participating in their own care (Roy & Andrews, 1999.) Health Orem defines health as “physical, mental and social well being” ("Dorothea Orem's Self," 2011.) Roy views health as a method used by patients to obtain their utmost possible health regardless of the presence or absence of disease. Environment Orem and Roy both state the

Comparison and Analysis Across Theories

1188 words - 5 pages important role of explaining the key concepts and principles of nursing practice in understanding way. Dorothy Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory and Sister Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model are considered as grand nursing theories. The grand nursing theories are a conceptual model, which identifies the focal point of nursing inquiry and guide the development of mid-range theories that will become useful to nurses and also to other health professionals

Nursing Theory

1239 words - 5 pages one is the Roy adaptation model. This model was developed by Sister Callista Roy as a framework for theory, practice, and research in nursing. An important fundamental assumption in the Roy Adaptation model is that the person is a bio-psycho-social being who is in constant interaction with a changing environment. Despite being considered a complex model, it has been used widely and several research studies have highlighted its importance and

The Influences Of Students’ Learning Habits On Their Academic Achievements In The Hanze International Business School

1221 words - 5 pages , P. (2012). Embedded culture and intercultural adaptation: implications for managing the needs of Chinese Students. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 34(4), 355-364. doi:10.1080/1360080X.2012.689199.Bruinsma, M. (2003). Effectiveness of higher education: Factors that determine outcomes of university education. S.l.: ICO. Buckingham, D., & Scanlon, M. (2004). Home learning and the educational marketplace. Oxford Review of

Training in Acc

775 words - 4 pages practices and structures, this method suggest to start with personal quality course (van Hauen et al., 1995: 39), ‘shared vision’ is vital for the learning organization because it provides the focus and energy for learning (Senge, 1990:206), learning is related to the institutional and social context in which it takes place and occurs through individuals’ participation in communities of practice(Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger 1991) these theories

Basic Learning Concepts

1747 words - 7 pages behaviors are effectively learned. Factors involving both the model and the learner can play a role in whether social learning is successful. Certain requirements and steps must also be followed. The following steps are involved in the observational learning and modeling process: • Attention: In order to learn, you need to be paying attention. Anything that detracts your attention is going to have a negative effect on observational learning. If

Organizations And Social Networks

1739 words - 7 pages I this paper we are going to talk about how business and people in conditions of comprehension. We are going to cover how social networking affects the progress of an association and possibly augment it employee's comprehension.The learning organization, three definitions of a learning organization;1)Learning organizations [are] organizations where people constantly enlarge their competence to generate the outcome they truthfully need, where new

Theories of Child Development

913 words - 4 pages development. Adults create the zone and mediate the process of learning by providing guidance that reflects cultural values. Piaget (1932) studies children’s relationships with parents and with parents and with peers more than 70 years ago. He identified enduring forms, patterns, or structures inherent in social relationships that merit our attention despite the many changes in children’s lives that have taken place since then. In

Research Article Review

1040 words - 5 pages innovation in Romanian SMEs is impeded by risks related to insufficient financial resources, inexperienced, unmotivated and unwilling to cooperate people, poor adaptation to technological advances in the industry, knowledge sharing risks, weak social capital and noteworthy regulation risks. All the risks identified were mapped down in seven categories of risk drivers, with both internal as external origin: workforce, collaboration itself, organizational

Related Essays

Behavioral And Social Learning Approaches Assesment Essay

1475 words - 6 pages Behavioral and Social Learning Approaches… PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 7 University of PhoenixBehavioral and Social Learning Approaches Personality AssessmentBehavioral and Social Learning Approaches Personality AssessmentEn un intento por entender por qué las personas actúan y se comportan como lo hacen los psicólogos han propuesto varias teorías para explicar la personalidad. Algunos de los expertos en conducta m

Learning Disability, Eugenics And The Social Model Approach

1864 words - 8 pages society in which it is found. Instead of regarding disability as an individual limitation, the social model identifies society as “the problem” and looks to fundamental social and political changes to provide the “solutions” (Barnes et al 1993:3). From the social model perspective, the number of aborted found to have a learning disability and the number of learning disabled women being ‘encouraged’ into sterilisation would decrease with the removal

1. Distinguish Between Operant Conditioning, Observational Learning, And Social Learning. How Are These Different Kinds Of Learning Utilized In The Work Place? Give Specific Examples For Each One

775 words - 4 pages 1. Distinguish between operant conditioning, observational learning, and social learning. How are these different kinds of learning utilized in the work place? Give specific examples for each one. • Operant conditioning is the type of learning that is reflexive with voluntary behavior. For example: If there is a bee flying around your head trying to land on you, you will swat at the bee to try to get it to go away. • Observational learning is

An Investigation Into The Use Of Cooperative Learning Strategies To Foster Positive Social Behaviour And Satisfactory Academic Performance In Physical Education Among A Group Of Grade Nine Students. ...

1468 words - 6 pages , possibly verbally or physically. These behaviour must be discouraged through the effective use of cooperative learning that seeks to encourage students to work together in unison and eliminate undesirable social behaviours. Attitudes may be formed or altered through the process of associative learning (Staats and Staats 1958). Our responsiveness to other human beings is perhaps the most obvious aspects of human experience. Learning together