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Social Cognitive Theory Of Learning Essay

766 words - 4 pages

Social Cognitive Theory of Learning

Social cognitive theory of learning is a theoretical perspective that focuses on learning by observing others and eventually assuming control over one’s own behavior (Ormrod, 2011, p.323). Social cognitive theory is a perspective that helps us understand about learning by observing other people doing the same thing. This theory is a blend of behaviorism and cognitive psychology (Ormrod, 2011). Behaviorism theory relates to learning as a stimulus- response relationship and suggests that learning involves a behavior change whereas according to social cognitive theory learning is an internal process that may or may not lead to a behavior change. According ...view middle of the document...

Cognitive processes in social cognitive theory influence motivation as well as learning (Ormrod, 2011, p.324). People set mental goals toward which they direct their learning, and their goals are based on the expectations about accomplishment or failure in learning. People’s expectations about their ability to execute certain behaviors or reach certain goals is self efficacy and play a key role in how hard one tries , how long one persists at challenging tasks, and how much one learn and achieve.
Reciprocal influences among environmental, behavioral, and personal variables encourage learners to make choices that lead to beneficial learning experiences and is known as reciprocal causation.

Modeling demonstrates a behavior for another person or observes and imitates another person’s behavior (Ormrod, 2011). Human beings learn many behaviors by observing other people for example a Blue Ivory learning to talk new words by listening to others and then imitating the same behavior. Students learn many academic skills by observing others. Modeling of academic skills can be very effective when the model demonstrates not only how to do a task but also how to think about the task (Ormrod, 2011, p.330).
Learners do not always imitate the behavior of people they see around them. They want to behave like people who do well rather than poorly (Ormrod,...

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