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Soc101 Chapter 16 Essay

4759 words - 20 pages

CHAPTER 16: Globalization in a Changing World


1. How does the textbook define social change?
a. the transformation of the physical world
b. as an entirely positive act
c. the transformation of social institutions and culture of a society over time
d. a change in class status

ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: Page 468
OBJ: How Globalization Affects Social Change (I) NOT: Factual

2. Transformation of the social institutions and culture of a society over time is called:
a. social change c. radical change
b. social continuation d. evolution

ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: Page 468
OBJ: How Globalization Affects Social Change (I) NOT: Factual

3. Which of ...view middle of the document...

the implementation of the two-party system

ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: Page 470
OBJ: Political Organization (I.B) NOT: Factual

7. Which of the following is NOT included in the cultural factors that might influence social change?
a. religion c. leadership
b. communication systems d. museum exhibits

ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: Page 471
OBJ: Culture (I.C) NOT: Factual

8. What invention first made possible increased control of material resources, the development of large-scale organizations, and an altered sense of past, present, and future?
a. the wheel c. capitalism
b. writing d. the computer

ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: Page 471
OBJ: Culture (I.C) NOT: Factual

9. The cultural factors that have most influenced social change, including political change and revolution, do NOT include:
a. the development of science
b. the secularization of thought
c. the critical and innovative character of the modern outlook
d. global warming

ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: Page 471
OBJ: Culture (I.C) NOT: Factual

10. ________ have subsumed the physical environment as a factor in social change over the last 200 years.
a. Religions c. Political influences
b. Economic influences d. Extended families

ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: Pages 471–472
OBJ: Economic Factors (I.D) NOT: Factual

11. The most far-reaching economic influence on social change has been the:
a. invention of the wheel c. impact of industrial capitalism
b. invention of the hammer d. invention of the sickle

ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: Pages 471–472
OBJ: Economic Factors (I.D) NOT: Factual

12. Capitalism stimulates social change in an unprecedented way because it:
a. involves the constant expansion of production
b. involves the ever-diminishing accumulation of wealth
c. requires that the technology of production remain the same over time
d. requires a slower rate of innovation in modern industry than in any other sector

ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: Pages 471–472
OBJ: Economic Factors (I.D) NOT: Factual

13. Which term has been used to describe the new society that is no longer based on industrialism?
a. information society c. knowledge society
b. service society d. thoughtful society

ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: Page 472
OBJ: Toward a Postindustrial Society (II.A) NOT: Factual

14. Daniel Bell and Alain Touraine both used the term ________ to refer to the new society that is no longer dependent on industrialism.
a. information society c. postindustrial
b. service society d. postcapitalistic

ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: Page 472
OBJ: Toward a Postindustrial Society (II.A) NOT: Factual

15. What feature is displacing the manufacture of material goods as the basis of the production system?
a. the consumption of material goods
b. the development and dissemination of information and knowledge
c. agriculture
d. hunting

ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: Pages 472–473
OBJ: Toward...

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